Northwest Italy

geographic region of Italy

Northwest Italy (Italian: Italia nord-occidentale or just [Nord-Ovest] Error: {{Lang}}: text has italic markup (help)) is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a NUTS1 level region.

Northwest Italy
Regional statistics
Composition Aosta Valley Aosta Valley
Liguria Liguria
Lombardy Lombardy
Piedmont Piedmont
 - Total

57,950 km2 (22,375 sq mi)
 - Total

16,137,227[1] (2014 est.)
GDP €503.2 billion (2008)[2]

Northwest Italy is defined only for statistical and for some elections.



Northwest Italy borders to the west with France, to the north with Switzerland and to the east with Northeast Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto and Emilia-Romagna). To the south is Toscana (Central Italy), a short distance, and the Ligurian Sea.

The Alps are in the northern part of the region and the northern Apennines in the south. The highest point in the region and in Italy is Mont Blanc (45°49′58″N 6°51′53″E / 45.83278°N 6.86472°E / 45.83278; 6.86472 (Mont Blanc)), in the Alps (Valle d'Aosta) on the border with France; it is 4,810 metres (15,780 ft) high.[3]

Northwest Italy has an important part of the valley of the Po river (Italian: Pianura Padana). The Po is the longest river of Northeast Italy and of Italy.



Central Italy encompasses four of the 20 regions of Italy, including 24 provinces and 1,789 comuniː

Region Capital Population[4]
Provinces Comuni
Liguria Genoa 1,571,053 5,416.21 290.1 4 235
Lombardy Milan 10,008,349 23,863.65 419.4 12 1,524
Piedmont Turin 4,404,246 25,387.07 173.5 8 1,201
Valle d'Aosta Aosta 127,329 3,260.90 39.0 1 74
Total 16,110,977 57,927.83 278.1 25 3,034

The comuni with more than 100,000 persons living in them areː

Comune Population[4] Province Region
Milan 1,345,851 Milan Lombardy
Turin 890,529 Turin Piedmont
Genoa 586,655 Genoa Liguria
Brescia 196,480 Brescia Lombardy
Monza 122,671 Monza and Brianza Lombardy
Bergamo 119,381 Bergamo Lombardy
Novara 104,380 Novara Piedmont


  1. "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  2. Eurostat - Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table
  3. "Mont Blanc, France/Italy". Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 26 June 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  5. "Regioni italiane" (in Italian). Retrieved 27 January 2017.

45°30′N 9°00′E / 45.500°N 9.000°E / 45.500; 9.000