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Orthodox Judaism is a form of Judaism that interprets the teachings and scriptures in a stricter way than the rest of Judaism. Its followers often see the Talmud and its texts as given by God, as divine.
As of 2001, Orthodox Jews and Jews affiliated with an Orthodox synagogue, accounted for approximately 50% of Anglo Jewry (150,000), 25% of Israeli Jewry (1,500,000) and 13% of American Jewry (529,000). (Among those affiliated to a synagogue body, Orthodox Jews represent 70% of British Jewry and 27% of American Jewry).
Its followers must usually promise the following:
- Not to commit murder, idolatry (worship of idols)
- Not to engage in certain sexual practices prohibited by the bible
- Observe the shabbat. Jews must not do work on a shabbat.
- Eat only certain things. These dietary laws are known as Kashrut.
- Taharat Hamishpacha, the laws of family purity, restricting sexual relations for a prescribed time around menstruation and after childbirth.
- Circumcision for males.
- American Jewish Religious Denominations, United Jewish Communities Report Series on the National Jewish Population Survey 2001-01, (Table 2, pg. 9)
- Synagogue membership in the United Kingdom in 2010
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