species of mammal
(Redirected from Orycteropodidae)

The Aardvark (Orycteropus afer) is a mammal from Africa; its name means "earth pig" in the language Afrikaans. It is the only living member in its order, though some fossil genera have been found

Temporal range: Early Pliocene – Recent
Porc formiguer.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Tubulidentata
Family: Orycteropodidae
Genus: Orycteropus
O. afer
Binomial name
Orycteropus afer
(Pallas, 1766)

See text

Map of Africa showing a highlighted range (in green) covering most of the continent south of the Sahara desert
Aardvark range


  • Order Tubulidentata
    • Family Orycteropodidae
      • Genus Orycteropus
        • Species Orycteropus afer

The Aardvark looks a bit like the South American anteaters but they are not related. It is in a proposed clade Afroinsectiphilia, with the golden moles and tenrecs. Another proposal is to out it in the Pseudungulata, with the elephants and Sirenia. There is no consensus at present.


Adult aardvarks weighs about 60 kilograms (130 pounds) and a little more than one meter (45 inches) long.


Aardvarks eat mostly ants and termites. They have a long sticky tongue which makes it easy to pick up many ants at once.

Aardvarks are nocturnal, which means they are awake at night and asleep during the day.