Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Spanish: Partido Socialista Obrero Español [paɾˈtiðo soθjaˈlista oβɾeɾo espaˈɲol] (listen); PSOE [peˈsoe] (listen)) is a social-democratic political party in Spain. The PSOE has been in government for a longer time than any other political party in modern democratic Spain.
|General Secretary||Pedro Sánchez|
|Founder||Pablo Iglesias Posse|
|Founded||May 2, 1879|
|Youth wing||Juventudes Socialistas de España|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|Congress of Deputies|
1880s to 1931 change
From 1879 to 1910 PSOE was a little organisation, having only reprentation in 3 regions. At this time, anarchism was the dominant ideology in the spanish labour movement. In the 1910 Spanish general election, a seat was won by PSOE, and this gave the party more importance at national level.
In 1917, PSOE and UGT (the trade union of the party) participated in the 1917 Spanish general strike and the party won more national attention. In 1920 a split from PSOE formed the Communist Party of Spain.
In the 1923–1930 dictatorship, some members of PSOE collaborated with the military regime, while others did not.
In the 1931 Spanish local elections PSOE endorsed republican positions.
In 1931 the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed following the 1931 Spanish local elections and the resignment of the spanish king Alfonso XIII. PSOE was the winner of the 1931 general election, the first free elections in Spain.
The party had presence in the 1931-1933 goverment, and in the 1936-1939 goverment. In the 1936 Spanish general elections PSOE was in the "Popular Front" coalition (a coalition of the main left wing spanish parties).
1939 to 1975 change
In 1974, Felipe González won the leadership of the party, and announced the party will stop supporting marxism, which was made offcial in 1979. The new ideology of the party was a Centre-left Social democracy.
1975 to 1982 change
PSOE endorsed the 1978 Spanish constitution. In the 1978 elections, PSOE was the second longest party, being UCD the 1st.
1982 to 1996 change
In the 1982 general elections, Felipe González won by absolute majority (more than 50%). PSOE will win all the elections from 1982 to 1996. In this era, Spain started to modernise in both social aspects and in economic ones.
In 1996 the PP won the presidency.
2000 to 2010 change
In the year 2000 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero won the leadership of the party, and the 2004 and 2008 Spanish general elections.
Under Zapatero´s rule, the PSOE started embracing progressivism and some social liberal economic policies. This changes were called "Nueva vía" and were very simmilar to the german Neue mitte and to the english New Labour.
2018 - nowdays change
In 2018, Pedro Sánchez (the opposition leader) was proclaimed president of spain, after Mariano Rajoy lost an impeachment. He won the two 2019 spanish elections and lost the 2023 elections, but, PSOE would join with all the opposition and regional parties to gain the spanish presidency.