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Palembang

city of South Sumatra Province, Indonesia

Palembang is a city of 1,286,000 people in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It is the capital of the province of South Sumatra.

Palembang
City of Palembang
Kota Palembang
Regional transcription(s)
 • Jawiڤلامبڠ
Jembatan Ampera awak.JPG
Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum, Palembang.jpgMasjid Agung Palembang.jpg
Taman Purbakala Kerajaan Sriwijaya - Pendopo Utama.jpgBukit Seguntang Tombs.jpg
Coat of arms of Palembang
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Kota Pempek (City of Pempek), Venetië Van Andalas, Bumi Sriwijaya (The Land of Srivijaya)
Motto(s): 
Palembang BARI (Bersih, Aman, Rapi, Indah) (Palembang: Clean, Safe, Neat, and Beautiful)
Location within South Sumatra
Location within South Sumatra
Palembang is located in Sumatra
Palembang
Palembang
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Palembang is located in Indonesia
Palembang
Palembang
Palembang (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 2°59′10″S 104°45′20″E / 2.98611°S 104.75556°E / -2.98611; 104.75556Coordinates: 2°59′10″S 104°45′20″E / 2.98611°S 104.75556°E / -2.98611; 104.75556
Country Indonesia
ProvinceCoat of arms of South Sumatra.svg South Sumatra
Settled (town)16 June 683
(Kedukan Bukit Inscription)
Incorporated (city)1 April 1906
(Staatsblad 1906:126)
Government
 • MayorHarnojoyo
 • Vice MayorFitrianti Agustinda
Area
 • Total369.22 km2 (142.56 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,602,071
 • Density4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Palembangnese
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups[1]Malays
Lampung
Batak
Sundanese
Acehnese
Chinese
Arab
Indian
 • Religion[2]Islam 92.53%
Buddhism 3.67%
Protestant 2.23%
Catholic 1.49%
Hinduism 0.06%
Confucianism 0.02%.[3]
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postal code
301xx, 302xx
Area code(+62) 711
Websitewww.palembang.go.id

Contents

HistoryEdit

The city was the capital of the old, Buddhist kingdom of Srivijaya that included a large part of Malaysia and Indonesia. After a 1025 raid by the Chola Empire of southern India it became less imortant. Srivijaya's capital moved north to Jambi. Palembang is also the home of Parameswara, the ruler of Malacca (a state in Malaysia) who started the most important empire in Malaysian history.

The Battle of Palembang was fought near the city during the Second World War between February 13-February 15 1942.[4] Japanese forces captured the airport and nearby oil refinery after a short but bloody battle.

EconomyEdit

Palembang's economy has grown after it became a venue for National Sporting Event in 2004. . Palembang was also one of hosts of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup.

The city is served by Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Airport which has many flights to many cities in Indonesia and also to Singapore and Malaysia.

This city is famous in Indonesia for its "Pempek" fish cakes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.
  2. Data Sensus Penduduk 2010 - Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia <http://sp2010.bps.go.id/index.php/site/tabel?tid=321&wid=1600000000&lang=id>
  3. "Population by Religion in Palembang" (PDF). BPS. 2017.
  4. Klemen, L (1999–2000). "The battle for Palembang, February 1942". Dutch East Indies Campaign website.CS1 maint: Date format (link)

Other websitesEdit