Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn (pronounced [pɪm fɔʁtœʏn], 19 February 1948 – 6 May 2002) was a Dutch sociologist and politician. He was born in Driehuis. He was the leader of the LPF (Lijst Pim Fortuyn), a right-wing political party. He was very popular and was expected to win the 2002 elections. Fortuyn did not agree with some things the religion of Islam does, and did not want to let criminal Muslims from other countries come to the Netherlands. He was Roman Catholic and openly gay.
Pim Fortuyn on 4 May 2002, two days before his assassination (Photo: Roy Beusker)
Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn
19 February 1948
|Died||6 May 2002 (aged 54)|
|Cause of death||Assassinated|
|Resting place||San Giorgio della Richinvelda, Italy|
|Other names||Pim Fortuijn|
|Alma mater||VU University Amsterdam (Bachelor of Social Science, Master of Social Science) |
University of Groningen (Doctor of Philosophy)
|Occupation||Politician · Civil servant · Sociologist |
Corporate director · Political consultant · Political pundit · Author · Columnist · Publisher · Teacher · Professor
|Political party||Labour Party (1974–1989) |
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (mid 1990s)
Livable Netherlands (2001–2002)
Livable Rotterdam (2001–2002)
Pim Fortuyn List (2002)
Nine days before the elections, Fortuyn was assassinated during the 2002 Dutch national election campaign by Volkert van der Graaf, who is an extreme environmentalist and animal rights activist. In court at his trial, van der Graaf said he murdered Fortuyn to stop him from exploiting Muslims as "scapegoats" and targeting "the weak members of society" in seeking political power.
Early life and educationEdit
Fortuyn was born on 19 February 1948 in Driehuis, as the third child to a Catholic family. His father worked as a salesman and his mother was a housewife. In 1967 he began to study sociology at the University of Amsterdam but transferred after a few months to the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. In 1971 he ended his study with the Academic degree Doctorandus. In 1981 he received a doctorate in sociology at the University of Groningen as a Doctor of Philosophy.
- Margry, Peter Jan: The Murder of Pim Fortuyn and Collective Emotions. Hype, Hysteria, and Holiness in the Netherlands? published in the Dutch magazine Etnofoor: Antropologisch tijdschrift nr. 16 pages 106–131, 2003,English version available online
- Fortuyn to lie in cathedral
- Simons, Marlise (7 May 2002). "Rightist Candidate in Netherlands Is Slain, and the Nation Is Stunned". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- James, Barry (7 May 2002). "Assailant shoots gay who railed against Muslim immigrants: Rightist in Dutch election is murdered". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- Simons, Marlise (8 May 2002). "Elections to Proceed in the Netherlands, Despite Killing". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- The Daily Telegraph (29 March 2003). "Killer tells court Fortuyn was dangerous". Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- Fortuyn killed 'to protect Muslims', The Daily Telegraph, 28 March 2003:
- [van der Graaf] said his goal was to stop Mr. Fortuyn exploiting Muslims as "scapegoats" and targeting "the weak parts of society to score points" to try to gain political power.
- Fortuyn killer 'acted for Muslims', CNN, 27 March 2003:
- Van der Graaf, 33, said during his first court appearance in Amsterdam on Thursday that Fortuyn was using "the weakest parts of society to score points" and gain political power.
- "Jihad Vegan". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2008.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link), Dr Janet Parker 20 June 2005, New Criminologist.