ethnic group
(Redirected from Punjabi people)

The Punjabi people (Punjabi: پنجابی, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ Panjābī people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the Punjab region in northwestern South Asia (Pakistan and India). They come from the Punjab region, which has been home to some of the oldest civilizations in the world including one of the world's first and oldest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization. The Punjabi identity is usually cultural and linguistic, with Punjabis being those whose first language is Punjabi, an Indo-European language.

Total population
c.124 million[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan        91,454,609[3][4]
 India          33,124,726[5]
 United Kingdom700,000[6]
 United States253,740[8]
 New Zealand34,227[13]
OthersSee Punjabi diaspora
Majority: Punjabi and its dialects
Minority: Urdu (in Pakistan) and Hindi (in India)
Pakistan: West PunjabStar and Crescent.svg Islam (97%), Christian cross.svg Christianity (2.31), with less Sikh and Hindu populations
India: East PunjabKhanda.svg Sikhism (57.7%), Om.svg Hinduism (38.5%), Star and Crescent.svg Islam (1.9%), Christian cross.svg Christianity (1.26)[18][19]
Related ethnic groups
Indo-European peoples


  1. Punjabis at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  2. "2011 Indian census" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  3. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html Archived 2020-11-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. "Pakistan Population (2019)". Worldometers.info. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  5. "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 29 June 2018.
  6. McDonnell, John (5 December 2006). "Punjabi Community". House of Commons. Retrieved 3 August 2016. We now estimate the Punjabi community at about 700,000, with Punjabi established as the second language certainly in London and possibly within the United Kingdom.
  7. "Census Profile, 2016 Census, Canada". Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  8. "US Census Bureau American Community Survey (2009-2013) See Row #62". 2.census.gov.
  9. "Top ten languages spoken at home in Australia". Archived from the original on 9 July 2017.
  10. "Malaysia". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  11. "Libya". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  12. "Punjabi community involved in money lending in Philippines braces for 'crackdown' by new President". 18 May 2016.
  13. "New Zealand". Stats New Zealand. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  14. Strazny, Philipp (1 February 2013). Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Routledge. ISBN 9781135455224 – via Google Books.
  15. "Bangladesh". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  16. "Deutsche Informationszentrum für Sikhreligion, Sikhgeschichte, Kultur und Wissenschaft (DISR)". remid.de. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  17. "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). Unstats.unorg. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  18. "C -1 POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY - 2011". Archived from the original (XLS) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  19. Wade Davis; K. David Harrison; Catherine Herbert Howell (2007). Book of Peoples of the World: A Guide to Cultures. National Geographic. pp. 132–133. ISBN 978-1-4262-0238-4.