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Richard Austen Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden KG CH PC DL (9 December 1902 – 8 March 1982), also known as R.A. Butler or by his initials as "Rab" Butler, was a Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1962 to 1963 for one year.[1][2]


The Lord Butler of Saffron Walden

Baron Butler.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
13 July 1962 – 18 October 1963
Prime MinisterHarold Macmillan
Preceded byAnthony Eden (1955)
Succeeded byWilliam Whitelaw (1979)
First Secretary of State
In office
13 July 1962 – 18 October 1963
Prime MinisterHarold Macmillan
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byGeorge Brown (1964)
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
28 October 1951 – 20 December 1955
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Anthony Eden
Preceded byHugh Gaitskell
Succeeded byHarold Macmillan
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
20 October 1963 – 16 October 1964
Prime MinisterAlec Douglas-Home
Preceded byAlec Douglas-Home
Succeeded byPatrick Gordon-Walker
Secretary of State for the Home Department
In office
14 January 1957 – 13 July 1962
Prime MinisterHarold Macmillan
Preceded byGwilym Lloyd-George
Succeeded byHenry Brooke
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
14 October 1959 – 9 October 1961
LeaderHarold Macmillan
Preceded byThe Viscount Hailsham
Succeeded byIain Macleod
Leader of the House of Commons
In office
20 December 1955 – 9 October 1961
Prime MinisterAnthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
Preceded byHarry Crookshank
Succeeded byIain Macleod
Father of the House
In office
16 October 1964 – 19 February 1965
Preceded byWinston Churchill
Succeeded byRobin Turton
Lord Privy Seal
In office
20 December 1955 – 14 October 1959
Prime MinisterAnthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
Preceded byHarry Crookshank
Succeeded byThe Viscount Hailsham
Minister of Labour and National Service
In office
25 May 1945 – 26 July 1945
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byErnest Bevin
Succeeded byGeorge Isaacs
Minister of Education
President of the Board of Education (1941–44)
In office
20 July 1941 – 25 May 1945
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byHerwald Ramsbotham
Succeeded byRichard Law
Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
25 February 1938 – 20 July 1941
Served with The Earl of Plymouth (1938–40)
Prime MinisterNeville Chamberlain
Winston Churchill
Sec. of StateThe Viscount Halifax
Anthony Eden
Preceded byThe Viscount Cranborne
Succeeded byRichard Law
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
1965 – 1982
Life Peerage
Member of Parliament
for Saffron Walden
In office
30 May 1929 – 19 February 1965
Preceded byWilliam Mitchell
Succeeded byPeter Kirk
Shadow Cabinet positions
Shadow Foreign Secretary
In office
16 October 1964 – 27 July 1965
LeaderAlec Douglas-Home
ShadowingPatrick Gordon Walker
Michael Stewart
Preceded byPatrick Gordon-Walker
Succeeded byReginald Maudling
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
10 December 1950 – 28 October 1951
LeaderWinston Churchill
ShadowingHugh Gaitskell
Preceded byOliver Stanley
Succeeded byHugh Gaitskell
Personal details
Born
Richard Austen Butler

(1902-12-09)9 December 1902
Attock Serai, British India
(now Attock, Pakistan)
Died8 March 1982(1982-03-08) (aged 79)
Great Yeldham, Essex, England, UK
Political partyConservative
Alma materPembroke College, Cambridge

Butler died of colon cancer on 8 March 1982 at Great Yeldham, Essex.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Howard, Anthony 1987. RAB: The life of R.A. Butler. Jonathan Cape. ISBN 978-0-224-01862-3
  2. Jago, Michael 2015. Rab Butler: the best Prime Minister we never had? Biteback Publishing. ISBN 978-1849549202