Red River of the North

river in central Canada and the United States

The Red River of the North is in North America. It starts between the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota. It starts where the Bois de Su River and Otter Tail River come together. It goes north through the Red River Valley. It is the border between North Dakota and Minnesota. It goes through Manitoba, Canada. It ends in Lake Winnipeg. From Lake Winnipeg, the water goes to the Nelson River. Then it ends in the Hudson Bay. The Red River flows through the cities Fargo-Moorhead and Grand Forks in the United States.

Red River of the North
Rivière Rouge / rivière Rouge du Nord
The Red River in Fargo–Moorhead, as viewed from the Fargo side of the river
Red River of the North is located in Manitoba
Red River of the North
CountriesUnited States
StatesMinnesota, North Dakota
CitiesFargo, North Dakota, Moorhead, Minnesota, Grand Forks, North Dakota, East Grand Forks, Minnesota, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Selkirk, Manitoba
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail Rivers
 - locationWahpeton, North Dakota
 - coordinates46°15′52″N 96°35′55″W / 46.26444°N 96.59861°W / 46.26444; -96.59861
 - elevation948 ft (289 m)
MouthLake Winnipeg
 - coordinates50°23′47″N 96°48′39″W / 50.39639°N 96.81083°W / 50.39639; -96.81083
 - elevation712 ft (217 m)
Length550 mi (890 km)
Basin size111,004 sq mi (287,500 km2)[1]
 - locationLockport, Manitoba, 20 miles (32 km) above the mouth
 - average8,617 cu ft/s (244.0 m3/s)
 - minimum491 cu ft/s (13.9 m3/s)
 - maximum152,900 cu ft/s (4,330 m3/s)
Basin features
River systemNelson River basin
 - leftBois de Sioux River, Wild Rice River (North Dakota), Sheyenne River, Elm River, Turtle River, Pembina River, Assiniboine River
 - rightOtter Tail River, Buffalo River, Wild Rice River (Minnesota), Red Lake River, Roseau River, Seine River (Manitoba)


  1. Atlas of Canada. "Rivers of Canada". Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2008-08-02.