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Rhythm and blues

music genre
(Redirected from Rhythm & blues)

Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences, first performed by African American artists. It is now performed worldwide by people of many cultures and ethnic groups.

Rhythm and Blues (R&B)
Stylistic originsJazz • Blues • Jump blues • Gospel • Traditional pop  • Electric blues
Cultural origins1940s; United States
Typical instrumentsDrum kit • Double bass • Saxophone • Horns • Piano - Organ • Electric guitar • Vocals • Background vocalists
Mainstream popularitySignificant from 1940s to 1960s; iconic afterwards
Derivative formsSoul • Funk • Doo-wop • Hip hop • Ska • Rocksteady  • Reggae • Rock and roll • Electro • Post-disco • Urban • Hard bop
Subgenres
Contemporary R&B • Smooth R&B • Slow jam • Neo soul • Hip hop soul
Fusion genres
Juke Joint blues • R&B punk • rockabilly
Local scenes
New Orleans R&B
Other topics
List of R&B musicians

Contemporary R&BEdit

During the 1980s, James Brown and Sly & the Family Stone had used parts of psychedelic rock and other styles in their music. Funk became a big part of disco music. In the early 1980s, funk and soul had become sultry and more sexual with the work of Prince and others. The modern style of contemporary R&B came to be a major part of American popular music.

R&B today defines a style of African-American music. It combines elements of soul music, funk music, pop music, and (after 1986) hip hop in what is now called contemporary R&B.

It is sometimes called "urban contemporary" or "urban pop".

R&B in the 2000sEdit

By the 2000s, the only big difference between a record being a hip hop record or an R&B record is whether its vocals are rapped or sung. R&B started to focus more on solo artists than groups. By 2005, the most famous R&B artists include Usher, Beyoncé (formerly of Destiny's Child), Ashanti, and Mariah Carey.

Soulful R&B continues to be popular, with artists such as Alicia Keys, R. Kelly, John Legend, and Toni Braxton. Some R&B singers have used parts of Caribbean music in their work.

Related pagesEdit

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