Rhythm and blues
Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences, first performed by African American artists. It is now performed worldwide by people of many cultures and ethnic groups.
|Rhythm and Blues (R&B)|
|Stylistic origins||Jazz • Blues • Jump blues • Gospel • Traditional pop • Electric blues|
|Cultural origins||1940s; United States|
|Typical instruments||Drum kit • Double bass • Saxophone • Horns • Piano - Organ • Electric guitar • Vocals • Background vocalists|
|Mainstream popularity||Significant from 1940s to 1960s; iconic afterwards|
|Derivative forms||Soul • Funk • Doo-wop • Hip hop • Ska • Rocksteady • Reggae • Rock and roll • Electro • Post-disco • Urban • Hard bop|
|Contemporary R&B • Smooth R&B • Slow jam • Neo soul • Hip hop soul|
|Juke Joint blues • R&B punk • rockabilly|
|New Orleans R&B|
|List of R&B musicians|
During the 1980s, James Brown and Sly & the Family Stone had used parts of psychedelic rock and other styles in their music. Funk became a big part of disco music. In the early 1980s, funk and soul had become sultry and more sexual with the work of Prince and others. The modern style of contemporary R&B came to be a major part of American popular music.
It is sometimes called "urban contemporary" or "urban pop".
R&B in the 2000sEdit
By the 2000s, the only big difference between a record being a hip hop record or an R&B record is whether its vocals are rapped or sung. R&B started to focus more on solo artists than groups. By 2005, the most famous R&B artists include Usher, Beyoncé (formerly of Destiny's Child), Ashanti, and Mariah Carey.