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Schwelm

seat of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis and town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Schwelm is a town in the district of Ennepe-Ruhr Rural District the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Schwelm
Schwelm Stadtansicht.JPG
Coat of arms of Schwelm
Coat of arms
Location of Schwelm within Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis district
Schwelm in EN.svg
Schwelm is located in Germany
Schwelm
Schwelm
Schwelm is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Schwelm
Schwelm
Coordinates: 51°16′N 7°16′E / 51.267°N 7.267°E / 51.267; 7.267Coordinates: 51°16′N 7°16′E / 51.267°N 7.267°E / 51.267; 7.267
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictEnnepe-Ruhr-Kreis
Government
 • MayorGabriele Grollmann
Area
 • Total20.49 km2 (7.91 sq mi)
Elevation
213 m (699 ft)
Population
 (2016-12-31)[2]
 • Total28,477
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
58332
Dialling codes02336
Vehicle registrationEN
Websitewww.schwelm.de

GeographyEdit

Schwelm is in the southeast of the "Ruhrgebiet", the Ruhr Area of Germany, between Westphalia and the "Bergisches Land". Schwelm is commonly known as the "Pforte Westfalens" ("Gate to Westphalia").

HistoryEdit

The history of Schwelm goes back to the ninth century, where it is first mentioned as "Suelmiu". The city of Schwelm was officially established in 1496 and became seat of the Ennepe-Ruhr district in 1929. According to its area, Schwelm is the smallest town in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Points of interestEdit

Schwelm is home to the "Brauerei Schwelm", the Schwelm Brewery, one of the few remaining private breweries in Germany. It was started in 1830 by Haarmann & Kathagen, the brewery was one of the first worldwide to switch from wooden to metal barrels. The original office building of the brewery, the "Rietz'sche Haus" built in 1701, is still in use today.

The oldest piano manufacturer in the world is in Schwelm. Since 1794, "Rud. Ibach Sohn" has been building pianos and, until 1904, organs in Schwelm.

Notable citizensEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Schwelm at Wikimedia Commons