Template:Infobox oil rig Sealand is a self-claimed country in the North Sea approximately 7.5 miles from the coast of Suffolk. Sealand is a structure called Roughs Tower it was built in the sea by the British Royal Navy, and later became Sealand. It is very small. There is only room for 300 people on it. Even though a man named Michael Bates says Sealand is a country, no other country has supported this claim. Sealand defends their claim to being a country due to meeting all four SEALAND IS AN OIL RIG
Government and politicsEdit
The owners claim that Sealand is an independent sovereign state because in 1968 an English court decided that Roughs Tower was in international waters and outside the jurisdiction of the British courts.
|Prince of Sealand|
|Style||His Royal Highness|
|Residence||Fort Roughs, Sealand|
|Term length||Until Death or Abdication|
|Inaugural holder||HRH Prince Roy Bates of Sealand|
|Formation||2 September 1967|
|Final holder||HRH Prince Roy of Sealand|
|Succession||through the Bates bloodline|
There are no other states that have diplomatic recognition for Sealand. In the declaratory theory of statehood, an entity becomes a state as soon as it meets the minimal criteria for statehood. Therefore, recognition by other states is purely "declaratory". In 1987, the UK extended its territorial waters from three to twelve miles. Sealand now sits inside waters that Britain claims as its territory.
As a statelike entity 11110Edit
Irrespective of its legal status, Sealand is managed by the Bates family as if it were a recognised sovereign entity, and they are its hereditary royal rulers. Roy Bates styles himself "Prince Roy" and his wife "Princess Joan". Their son is known as "His Royal Highness Prince Michael" and has been referred to as the "Prince Regent" by the Bates family since 1999. In this role, he apparently serves as Sealand's acting "Head of State" and also its "Head of Government". At a micronations conference hosted by the University of Sunderland in 2004, Sealand was represented by Michael Bates' son James, who was referred to as "Prince Royal James." The facility is now occupied by one or more caretakers representing Michael Bates, who himself resides in Essex, England. Sealand's constitution was instituted in 1974. It consists of a preamble and seven articles. The preamble asserts Sealand's independence, while the articles variously deal with Sealand's status as a constitutional monarchy, the empowerment of government bureaus, the role of an appointed, advisory senate, the functions of an appointed, advisory legal tribunal, a proscription against the bearing of arms except by members of a designated "Sealand Guard", the exclusive right of the sovereign to formulate foreign policy and alter the constitution, and the hereditary patrilinear succession of the monarchy. Sealand's legal system is claimed to follow British common law, and statutes take the form of decrees enacted by the sovereign. Sealand has issued passports and has operated as a flag of convenience state, and it also holds the Guinness World Record for "the smallest area to lay claim to nation status". Sealand's motto is E Mare Libertas (English: From the Sea, Freedom).[a] It appears on Sealandic items, such as stamps, passports, and coins, and is the title of the Sealandic anthem. The anthem was composed by Londoner Basil Simonenko; it does not have lyrics.
- This is not "normal" Latin; "mari" would be more correct.
- "Official History of Sealand". Government of Principality of Sealand. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2007.
- Ryan, John; George Dunford, Simon Sellars (2006). Micronations, The Lonely Planet Guide to Home-Made Nations. Lonely Planet. pp. 5–6. ISBN 978-1-74104-730-1.
- "Offshore and offline?". BBC News. 5 June 2000. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
- "Information on Sealand's royal family". Sealand News. Archived from the original on 12 November 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2007.
- John Ryan, George Dunford & Simon Sellars (2006). Micronations. Lonely Planet. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-74104-730-1.
- "Information on Sealand's royal family". Government of Principality of Sealand. Archived from the original on 12 November 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
- "Information on the Principality of Sealand including constitution" (PDF). Amorph Summit of Micronations. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2007.
- "The Principality of Sealand statutory notices". Government of the Principality of Sealand. Archived from the original on 15 June 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2006.
- Guinness World Records 2008. Guinness World Records. 2007. p. 131. ISBN 978-1-904994-18-3.
- "Sealandic National Anthem". Nationalanthems.info. Retrieved 15 November 2007.
- "boingboing.net". Archived from the original on 2007-01-14. Retrieved 2007-01-14.
- The Official Principality of Sealand Homepage
- HavenCo Ltd. Archived 2002-01-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Archival Sealand Homepage Archived 2005-07-20 at the Wayback Machine
- Website of Rebel Sealand Government Archived 2005-10-24 at the Wayback Machine
- National Anthem
- Claimed transcript of the 1968 UK court case Archived 2009-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
- Coins of Sealand
- Meta Haven: Sealand Identity Project
- The Sea Forts Archived 2006-10-14 at the Wayback Machine
- HMS Roughs Archived 2005-09-01 at the Wayback Machine