Second Syrian Republic

government of Syria from 1950 to 1958 and 1961 to 1963

The Second Syrian Republic[2][3]—officially the Syrian Republic[a] from 1950 to 1958 and the Syrian Arab Republic[b] from 1961 to 1963—succeeded the First Syrian Republic that had become de facto independent in April 1946 from the French Mandate.

Syrian Republic
الجمهورية السورية  (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah as-Sūriyyah
(1950–1958)
Syrian Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية السورية  (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʿArabiyyah as-Sūriyyah
(1961–1963)
1950–1963
Flag of Second Syrian Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of Second Syrian Republic
Coat of arms
Anthem: حُمَاةَ الدِّيَار
"Ḥumāt ad-Diyār"
("Guardians of the Homeland")[1]
LocationSyria.svg
StatusComponent of the
United Arab Republic
(1958–61)
CapitalDamascus
Largest cityAleppo
Official languagesArabic
Recognised languagesSyriac
Armenian
Kurdish
Religion
Islam (all branches incl. Alawite)
Christianity
Judaism
Druzism
Yezidism
Demonym(s)Syrian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
(1950–1951, 1954–1958, 1961–1963)
Military dictatorship
(1951–1954)
President 
• 1950–1951
Hashim al-Atassi (first)
• 1961–1963
Nazim al-Kudsi (last)
Military Strongman 
• 1948–1954
Adib Shishakli
Prime Minister 
• 1950
Nazim al-Kudsi (first)
• 1962–1963
Khalid al-Azm (last)
History 
• Independence of First Syrian Republic
17 April 1946
• New constitution adopted
5 September 1950
22 February 1958
28 September 1961
8 March 1963
CurrencySyrian pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
1950
First Syrian Republic
1961
United Arab Republic
1958
United Arab Republic
1963
Syrian Arab Republic
Today part ofSyria

ReferencesEdit

  1. www.nationalanthems.info
  2. George Meri Haddad (1971). Revolutions and Military Rule in the Middle East. Vol. 2. Robert Speller & Sons. p. 286. ISBN 9780831500603.
  3. George Crews McGhee (1983). Envoy to the Middle World: Adventures in Diplomacy. Harper & Row. p. 386. ISBN 9780060390259.
Notes
  1. Arabic: الجمهورية السورية al-Jumhūriyah as-Sūriyyah
  2. Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية al-Jumhūriyah al-ʿArabiyyah as-Sūriyyah

Coordinates: 35°00′00″N 38°00′00″E / 35.0000°N 38.0000°E / 35.0000; 38.0000