Shuchō (朱鳥), also romanized as Suchō or Akamitori, was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") which lsated only a few months—from June through September 686. The reigning monarchs were Temmu-tennō (天武天皇) and Jitō-tennō (持統天皇).
- In 686, Shuchō gannen (朱鳥元年) was created by Emperor Temmu, but the nengō survived for only a few months after Temmu's death. The era ended when Empress Jitō was confirmed as Temmu's successor.
|Timelines of early Japanese nengō and Imperial reign dates|
The system of Japanese era names was not the same as Imperial reign dates.
Events of the Shuchō eraEdit
- 686 (Shuchō 1, 9th day of the 9th month): Emperor Temmu died.
- 686 (Shuchō 1): Ōtsu no Ōji, also known as Ōtsu no shinnō, tried and failed to make himself emperor after Temmu's death.
- 686: The succession (senso) was received by Mommu's widow. Soon after, Empress Jitō's role as monarch was confirmed in ceremonies (sokui).
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shuchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 889.
- Nussbaum, "Temmu Tennō," p. 957.
- Nussbaum, "Jitō Tennō," p. 426; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 58-59.
- Titsingh, p. 59; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 天武天皇 (40); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Nussbaum, "Ōtsu no Ōji," p. 766; Titsingh, p. 59-60.
- Titsingh, p. 59; Varley, pp. 44, 137–138; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fishimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-13.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: