Japanese era name

Shuchō (朱鳥), also romanized as Suchō or Akamitori, was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") which lsated only a few months—from June through September 686.[1] The reigning monarchs were Temmu-tennō (天武天皇)[2] and Jitō-tennō (持統天皇).[3]


  • In 686, Shuchō gannen (朱鳥元年) was created by Emperor Temmu, but the nengō survived for only a few months after Temmu's death. The era ended when Empress Jitō was confirmed as Temmu's successor.


Timelines of early Japanese nengō and Imperial reign dates
Emperor MommuEmpress JitōEmperor TemmuEmperor KōbunEmperor TenjiEmpress SaimeiEmperor KōtokuKeiunTaihō (era)ShuchōHakuchi (era)Taika (era)Empress GemmeiEmpress Kōgyoku

The system of Japanese era names was not the same as Imperial reign dates.

Events of the Shuchō eraEdit

Related pagesEdit


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shuchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 889.
  2. Nussbaum, "Temmu Tennō," p. 957.
  3. Nussbaum, "Jitō Tennō," p. 426; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 58-59.
  4. Titsingh, p. 59; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 天武天皇 (40); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  5. Nussbaum, "Ōtsu no Ōji," p. 766; Titsingh, p. 59-60.
  6. Titsingh, p. 59; Varley, pp. 44, 137–138; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fishimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-13.

Other websitesEdit

Shuchō 1st
Gregorian 686
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Kōbun period
Imperial reign:
Temmu period
Succeeded by:
Jitō period