Sikandar Lodi

30th Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate and 2nd from the Lodi dynasty

Sikandar Lodi was the Sultan of Delhi and second ruler of the Lodi dynasty after Bahlul Lodi. He was the most successful sultan of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Sikandar Lodi ruled the sultanate from 17 July 1489 to 21 November 1517.[1]

Sikandar Lodi was born to the first sultan of the Lodi dynasty Bahlul Lodi and Bibi Ambha, daughter of a Hindu goldsmith, in 1458.[2][3]After he became the ruler he proved that he is an ablest ruler. He encouraged trade across his territories. He conquered Gwalior from the Rajputs in 1490 and Bihar from the rebellious Afghan chiefs in the region.

Sikandar Lodi constructed the present day city of Agra. He wrote Persian poetry using the pen name Gulrukhi. Sikandar enlarged his territories in his sultanate that extended from the region of Punjab to Bengal and the territories between River Satluj and Bundelkhand region.[4]

He died on November 21 1517 and was buried in the Lodi Gardens located in Delhi.

References change

  1. Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. SULṬĀN SIKANDAR IBN I SULTĀN BUHLŪL, Archived 2013-07-29 at the Wayback Machine The Muntakhabu-'rūkh by Al-Badāoni (16th century historian), Packard Humanities Institute.
  3. Lodi Kings: Chart The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 2, p. 369..
  4. "Biography of Sikandar Lodi (Delhi Sultan)". 29 December 2013. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2019.