Silesia

region of Central Europe now located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany

Silesia (Polish: Śląsk; German: Schlesien; Latin: Silesia; Silesian: Ślůnsk) is a historical region of Poland. Between 17421945, it was the eastern part of Germany and was a Prussian province. In 1945, all of Poland was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. In the following years, the communist occupant enacted laws that in effect chased away the remaining all owners.

Silesia
Historical region
Flag of {{{official_name}}}
POL woj dolnoslaskie COA 2009.svg
Silesia-map.svg
  Austrian Silesia,
before 1740 Prussian annexation
  Prussian Silesia, 1871
  Oder river
Basemap shows modern national borders.
Coordinates: 51°36′N 17°12′E / 51.6°N 17.2°E / 51.6; 17.2Coordinates: 51°36′N 17°12′E / 51.6°N 17.2°E / 51.6; 17.2
Country
Largest cityWrocław
Area
 • Total40,000 km2 (20,000 sq mi)
Population
 • Totalc. 8,000,000
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

GeographyEdit

Silesia is along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes Mountains and the Carpathian Mountains.

The highest point of Silesia is the Śnieżka, in the Sudetes Mountains.

 

CitiesEdit

Below is a list of cities in Silesia with a population of over 20,000 in 2015.

Name Population Area Country Administrative Historic subregion
1 Wrocław 632,067 293 km2 (113 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
2 Katowice 304,362 165 km2 (64 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
3 Ostrava* 287,968 214 km2 (83 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia/Moravia
4 Gliwice 185,450 134 km2 (52 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
5 Zabrze 178,357 80 km2 (31 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
6 Bielsko-Biała* 173,699 125 km2 (48 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia/Lesser Poland
7 Bytom 173,439 69 km2 (27 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
8 Ruda Śląska 141,521 78 km2 (30 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
9 Rybnik 140,173 148 km2 (57 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
10 Tychy 128,799 82 km2 (32 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
11 Opole 120,146 97 km2 (37 sq mi)     Opole Voivodeship Upper Silesia
12 Zielona Góra 118,405 58 km2 (22 sq mi)     Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
13 Wałbrzych 117,926 85 km2 (33 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
14 Chorzów 110,761 33 km2 (13 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
15 Legnica 101,992 56 km2 (22 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
16 Jastrzębie-Zdrój 91,235 85 km2 (33 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
17 Jelenia Góra 81,985 109 km2 (42 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
18 Mysłowice 75,129 66 km2 (25 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
19 Lubin 74,053 41 km2 (16 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
20 Havířov 71,200 32 km2 (12 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
21 Głogów 68,997 35 km2 (14 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
22 Siemianowice Śląskie 68,844 25 km2 (10 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
23 Kędzierzyn-Koźle 63,194 124 km2 (48 sq mi)     Opole Voivodeship Upper Silesia
24 Żory 62,038 65 km2 (25 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
25 Tarnowskie Góry 60,957 84 km2 (32 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
26 Świdnica 59,182 22 km2 (8 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
27 Opava 57,676 91 km2 (35 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
28 Piekary Śląskie 57,148 40 km2 (15 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
29 Frýdek-Místek* 56,450 52 km2 (20 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia/Moravia
30 Racibórz 55,930 75 km2 (29 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
31 Görlitz** 55,255 68 km2 (26 sq mi)     Free State of Saxony Historically part of Lusatia, Görlitz was considered part of Lower Silesia in years 1319–1329 and 1815–1945
32 Karviná 52,128 57 km2 (22 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
33 Świętochłowice 51,824 13 km2 (5 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
34 Wodzisław Śląski 48,731 50 km2 (19 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
35 Nysa 44,899 27 km2 (10 sq mi)     Opole Voivodeship Lower Silesia
36 Mikołów 39,776 79 km2 (31 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
37 Nowa Sól 39,721 22 km2 (8 sq mi)     Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
38 Bolesławiec 39,603 24 km2 (9 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
39 Knurów 39,090 34 km2 (13 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
40 Oleśnica 37,303 21 km2 (8 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
41 Brzeg 36,980 15 km2 (6 sq mi)     Opole Voivodeship Lower Silesia
42 Cieszyn 35,918 29 km2 (11 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
43 Czechowice-Dziedzice 35,684 33 km2 (13 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
44 Třinec 35,002 85 km2 (33 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
45 Dzierżoniów 34,428 20 km2 (8 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
46 Hoyerswerda/Wojerecy** 33,843 96 km2 (37 sq mi)     Free State of Saxony Historically part of Lusatia, Hoyerswerda was considered part of Lower Silesia in years 1825–1945
47 Oława 32,240 27 km2 (10 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
48 Zgorzelec** 31,890 16 km2 (6 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Historically part of Lusatia, Zgorzelec was considered part of Lower Silesia in years 1319–1329 and 1815–1945
49 Bielawa 31,186 36 km2 (14 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
50 Kluczbork 24,207 12 km2 (5 sq mi)     Opole Voivodeship Lower Silesia
51 Lubliniec 24,105 89 km2 (34 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
52 Krnov 24,079 44 km2 (17 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
53 Jawor 23,650 19 km2 (7 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
54 Żagań 23,235 40 km2 (15 sq mi)     Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
55 Świebodzice 23,197 30 km2 (12 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
56 Nowa Ruda 22,823 37 km2 (14 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
57 Polkowice 22,535 24 km2 (9 sq mi)     Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
58 Łaziska Górne 22,413 21 km2 (8 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
59 Świebodzin 21,963 11 km2 (4 sq mi)     Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
60 Rydułtowy 21,741 15 km2 (6 sq mi)     Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
61 Prudnik 21,472 21 km2 (8 sq mi)     Opole Voivodeship Upper Silesia
62 Bohumín 21,340 31 km2 (12 sq mi)     Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia

* Only partly in Silesia

Famous peopleEdit

There are many famous people who were born in Silesia:

GalleryEdit

Other websitesEdit