South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, in the north. The county was created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972 and in 2001 covered an area of 155,205 hectares.
Shown within England
|Status||Metropolitan county and|
|Origin||1 April 1974|
(Local Government Act 1972)
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
1,552 km2 (599 sq mi)
|Admin HQ||Barnsley (1974-1986)|
- Total (2011)
865/km2 (2,240/sq mi)
|No county council|
|Members of Parliament|
Divisions and EnvironsEdit
South Yorkshire is divided into four local government districts; they are the City of Sheffield, the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley and the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham. The county borders Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire.
The main settlements of South Yorkshire developed around the industries of mining and steel manufacturing. The main mining industry was coal which was concentrated to the north and east of the county. There were also iron mines in the area. The rivers running off the Pennines to the west of the county supported the steel industry that is concentrated in the city of Sheffield.
South Yorkshire was created as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, from the southern part of the West Riding of Yorkshire and the former county boroughs of Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield.
South Yorkshire is one of the least prosperous areas in Western Europe.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
Towns and villagesEdit
The principal settlements of South Yorkshire are:
- Sheffield, an industrial city known for steel and cutlery
- Doncaster, an old Roman town known for railways and horse racing;
- Rotherham, an industrial town bordering Sheffield on the River Don;
- Barnsley, a market town on the River Dearne, the former administrative centre of the metropolitan county.
South Yorkshire is made up of three main urban areas. Dearne Valley is made up of Barnsley and a number of villages and towns. The Sheffield urban area is made up of Sheffield and Rotherham and the Doncaster urban area is Doncaster and surrounding areas.
|Swinton, South Yorkshire||Rotherham||14,643|
|Wath upon Dearne||Rotherham||16,787|
Other towns and villagesEdit
|Adwick le Street||Doncaster||16,142|
|Oughtibridge/Wharncliffe Side||Sheffield||4,602 (3,227/1,375)|
Places of interestEdit
|Owned by the National Trust|
|Owned by English Heritage|
|Owned by the Forestry Commission|
|A Country Park|
|An Accessible open space|
|Museum (charges entry fee)|
- Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet, Sheffield
- Barnsley Town Hall
- Cannon Hall Museum, Park & Gardens, Barnsley
- Chapel of Our Lady of Rotherham Bridge ("Chapel on the Bridge"), Rotherham
- Clifton Park Museum, Rotherham
- Conisbrough Castle
- Cusworth Hall
- Doncaster Mansion House
- Kelham Island Museum, Sheffield
- Monk Bretton Priory
- Sheffield Winter Gardens
- Roche Abbey
- Rother Valley Country Park
- Howden Moors
- St Lawrence Church, Adwick le Street
- Wentworth Castle & Gardens, Barnsley
- Wentworth Woodhouse
- Weston Park Museum & Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield
- Woodlands model village
- Worsborough Mill and Country Park
- Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. "Local Government Finance Statistics England No.16". local.odpm.gov.uk. Retrieved on 21 February 2008.
- Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
- Vision of Britain - South Yorkshire area
- Vision of Britain - Components of South Yorkshire
- Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
- includes hunting and forestry
- includes energy and construction
- includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured