A disability is a condition that a person has which limits them in some way.
People with a disability or disabilities may need to use special equipment that can help them. This can include using a wheelchair, a cane or walking stick, hearing aids, a teletypewriter (TTY) and using specially designed software and hardware for the personal computer.
People who use a wheelchair or cane/walking stick cannot walk up or down stairs in a building. They need to use ramps and elevators when going into and moving around in a building. Wide doorways and accessible toilets also make it easier for people with physical disabilities to use.
Prejudice towards people with disabilities is common. This is sometimes called 'ableism' or anapirism. People with such a prejudice are called an ablecentrists, handicapists, anapirophobes, able-bodyists, disablists or anapirists.
Some categories of disabilityEdit
- Physical disabilities limit the way the body works.
- Visual impairment is when the eyesight of a person is affected. (blind)
- Hearing impairment is when a person cannot hear normally. (deaf)
- Intellectual disability is when a person's brain is limited and cannot function at the same level as another person of their age.
- Developmental disabilities can limit how a person processes information and thinks.
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- Goodley, Dan, and Katherine Runswick‐Cole. "The violence of disablism." Sociology of health & illness 33.4 (2011): 602-617.