St. Augustine, Florida

city in St. Johns County, Florida, United States

St. Augustine is the oldest city in the United States begun by Europeans and filled with people since it was started. The admiral from Spain, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, started St. Augustine in 1565. There was fighting between England and Spain in 1586, 1702, and 1740 over the city. Spain won each time. In 1763, St. Augustine was given to the English as part of the Treaty of Paris which ended the French and Indian War. After the American colonies became independent from England, another Treaty of Paris, this one in 1783, returned the area to Spain. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty gave all of Florida to the United States.

St. Augustine
Top, left to right: Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine Light, Flagler College, Lightner Museum, statue near the Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine, St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park, Old St. Johns County Jail
Coat of arms of St. Augustine
Nickname(s): 
Ancient City, Old City
Location in St. Johns County and the U.S. state of Florida
Location in St. Johns County and the U.S. state of Florida
St. Augustine is located in the United States
St. Augustine
St. Augustine
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 29°53′41″N 81°18′52″W / 29.89472°N 81.31444°W / 29.89472; -81.31444[1]
CountryUnited States
StateFlorida
CountySt. Johns
EstablishedSeptember 8, 1565; 458 years ago (1565-09-08)
Founded byPedro Menéndez de Avilés
Named forSaint Augustine of Hippo
Government
 • TypeCity commission government
Area
 • City12.85 sq mi (33.29 km2)
 • Land9.52 sq mi (24.66 km2)
 • Water3.33 sq mi (8.63 km2)
Elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • City14,329
 • Density1,504.99/sq mi (581.05/km2)
 • Urban
69,173 (US: 399th)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
32080, 32084, 32085, 32086, 32095, 32082, 32092
Area code904
FIPS code12-62500[5]
GNIS feature ID0308101[3]
WebsiteCity of St. Augustine

The largest sign of the years under Spain is the Castillo de San Marcos, a large masonry fort built between 1672 and 1695. This fort still stands.

References

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  1. "GNIS Detail – Saint Augustine". geonames.usgs.gov. Geographic Names Information System. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.[permanent dead link]
  2. "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "US Board on Geographic Names". geonames.usgs.gov. United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. "QuickFacts: St. Augustine city, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  5. "U.S. Census website". census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Other websites

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  Media related to St. Augustine, Florida at Wikimedia Commons