Crescent and star

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A typical presentation of the star and crescent
The National symbol, featured on the Pakistani flag.
The flag of Libya featuring a white crescent and star

The Islamic Crescent is a symbol consisting of a crescent with a star at the concave side. In its modern form, the star is usually shown with five points (though in earlier centuries a higher number of points was often used). The two signs together, or the crescent only, was long a symbol of Byzantium. Now it is often a symbol of Islam. It is seen on a number of different country flags such as Turkey and Pakistan[n 1] respectively.

Early Byzantine star and crescent

Flag of Ottoman Empire was the first flag featuring a crescent with a star. Other states formerly part of the Ottoman Empire also used the symbol, so the symbol emerged into popular use.


  1. “The Official National Islamic Symbol or Insignia of Pakistan” “Shall be the traditional Crescent and Star of the Muslim faith” respectively