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Sturmabteilung

original Nazi paramilitary wing

The Sturmabteilung (About this soundlisten ; often shortened to SA) was a paramilitary group for the German Nazi Party. Their leader was Ernst Röhm. The group was important in helping Adolf Hitler gain power in the 1930s.

Sturmabteilung
SA-Logo.svg
SA insignia
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1982-159-21A, Nürnberg, Reichsparteitag, Hitler und Röhm.jpg
Adolf Hitler and Ernst Röhm inspecting the SA
in Nuremberg in 1933
Agency overview
Formed1920
DissolvedMay 8, 1945
Superseding agency
TypeParamilitary
Jurisdiction
HeadquartersSA High Command, Barerstraße, Munich
48°8′37.53″N 11°34′6.76″E / 48.1437583°N 11.5685444°E / 48.1437583; 11.5685444
Minister responsible
  • see Leaders below
Parent agencyNazi Party (NSDAP)
Child agency

In English, they are often called the Stormtroopers or the Brownshirts, while Sturmabteilung literally translates to "assault detachment" or "assault section". They wore a brown uniform, similar to the black uniform worn by Mussolini's Blackshirts.

The word Sturmabteilung was used before the founding of the Nazi Party in 1919. It originally comes from the specialized assault troops used by Germany in World War I utilising Hutier infiltration tactics.

The SA played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1930s. In 1934, however, he abolished the organization and sent the Schutzstaffel to arrest and kill their leaders.

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