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city in Iraqi Kurdistan

Sulaymaniyah (Kurdish: سلێمانی, [Silêmanî] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help); Arabic: السليمانية‎, as-Sulaymāniyyah), also called Slemani, is a city in Iraqi Kurdistan. Sulaymaniyah is surrounded by the Azmer Range, Goyija Range and the Qaiwan Range in the northeast, Baranan Mountain in the south and the Tasluja Hills in the west. The city has a semi-arid climate with very hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Sulaymaniyah served as the capital of the historic Kurdish principality of Baban from 1784 to 1850.

Sulaymaniyah city montage
Sulaymaniyah city montage
Coordinates: 35°33′26″N 45°26′08″E / 35.55722°N 45.43556°E / 35.55722; 45.43556Coordinates: 35°33′26″N 45°26′08″E / 35.55722°N 45.43556°E / 35.55722; 45.43556
Country  Iraq
Governorate Sulaymaniyah Governorate
 • Type Council–manager
 • Governor Haval Abobakir [2]
Elevation 882 m (2,895 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 656,100[1]
Time zone UTC+3 (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)

The modern city of Sulaymaniyah was founded on 14 November 1784 by the Kurdish prince Ibrahim Pasha Baban who named it after his father Sulaiman Pasha.[3]

From its foundation Sulaymaniyah has been a center of great poets, writers, historians, politicians, scholars and singers, such as Nalî, Mahwi, and Piramerd.[4][5]


  2. "Sulaimani Polytechnic University". 2015-06-13. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  3. Ali, Meer Ako. "Sulaimany: 227 years of glory". Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  4. Salih Rasha, Akram. Sulaymaniyah 200 Years. Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan. pp. 503–504.
  5. slimany