The Swedish Academy (Swedish: Svenska Akademien) was started in 1786 by the Swedish King Gustav III. It was copied from the Académie française, the first Academy ever. The Swedish Academy has 18 members. The motto of the Academy is "Talent and Taste" ("Snille och Smak" in Swedish).
Since 1901 the Academy has decided who will win the Nobel Prize in Literature The prize is given in memory of Alfred Nobel. The other thing the Academy does is to help to keep the Swedish language clean. They work for the "purity, strength, and greatness of the Swedish language" ("Svenska folkets renhet, styrka och höghet"). To help do this, the Academy publishes two dictionaries.
The first is a dictionary in only one big book, called Svenska Akademiens ordlista (or SAOL). In 2015, it was up to its 14th edition. The second dictionary has many volumes. It is called Svenska Akademiens ordbok (or SAOB). The content it is so big that it needs many books, like the Oxford English Dictionary. The first book in the set was printed in 1898 and in 2015 work had got as far as words beginning with the letter "V".
The Academy uses a building now known as the Stockholm Stock Exchange Building. The bottom floor was used as a trading exchange and the upper floor was used for dances, New Years Eve parties, etc. In 1786, the ballroom was the biggest room in Stockholm that could be heated and be used in the winter. The king asked if he could use it. The Academy has met there every year since. In 1914 the Academy gained the right to use the upper floor as their own forever. This is where they meet and, amongst other business, choose the Nobel Prize winners. Because of this, the Academy is one of the most important literary groups in the world. The Swedish Academy is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.
Current members change
The current members of the Swedish Academy listed by seat number :
|Seat||Member of the Academy||Born||Elect.||Notes|
|3.||Sture Allén||1928||1980||Permanent secretary 1986-1999|
|7.||Sara Danius||1962||2013||Permanent secretary 2015-|
|10.||Peter Englund||1957||2002||Permanent secretary 2009-2015|
|17.||Horace Engdahl||1948||1997||Permanent secretary 1999-2009|
Permanent secretaries change
|Order||Seat||Permanent Secretary of the Academy||Born||Years||Notes|
|1.||11.||Nils von Rosenstein||1752||1786-1824|
|2.||13.||Frans Michael Franzén||1772||1824-1834|
|3.||12.||Bernhard von Beskow||1828||1834-1868|
|4.||5.||Johan Erik Rydqvist||1800||1868-1869||pro temporare|
|6.||12.||Carl Gustaf Strandberg||1825||1872-1874||pro temporare|
|8.||11.||Bror Emil Hildebrand||1806||1881-1883||pro temporare|
|9.||8.||Carl David af Wirsén||1842||1883-1912||pro temporare in 1883-84|
|10.||6.||Hans Hildebrand||1842||1912||pro temporare|
|11.||11.||Erik Axel Karlfeldt||1864||1913-1931|
|14.||7.||Karl Ragnar Gierow||1904||1964-1977|
- Walshe, Maurice O'Connell (1965). Introduction to the Scandinavian Languages. Andre Deutsch Ltd. p. 57.
Other websites change
- Swedish Academy – Official site (in Swedish)
- Swedish Academy – Official site (in English)
- SAOL on the web – Free
- SAOB on the web – Free