The Maritime provinces, or the Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada with three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. Along with Newfoundland and Labrador, they form Atlantic Canada.
Some people have proposed merging all three provinces into a single province called the Maritime Union.
Both Great Britain and France settled the area in the 17th century. After the French and Indian War, the British ruled the entire area. The Charlottetown Conference was held in 1864 in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. The Conference was about the various colonies of British North America forming the Canadian Confederation.
- James R. Csgood and Company, The Maritime Provinces; a handbook for travellers; a guide to the chief cities, coasts, and islands of the Maritme Provinces of Canada (Boston: Osgood, 1881), p. 92
- Daniel Judah Elazar, Covenant and Constitutionalism: The Great Frontier and the Matrix of Federal Democracy (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1998), p. 204