Tibooburra, New South Wales
Tibooburra is a small village in the north west corner of New South Wales, Australia. It is 1,187 km (738 mi) from the state capital, Sydney. In 2006 there were 161 people living at Tibooburra. Tibooburra is the hottest place in New South Wales. The name Tibooburra comes from the indigenous Australian word for "place of granites."
New South Wales
Main street of Tibooburra looking towards the two storey hotel
Tibooburra main street in 1976
|Population||134 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||183 m (600 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Unincorporated Far West Region|
New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service have an Information Centre in the town. There is also a police station.
Explorer Charles Sturt was one of the first Europeans to visit the area in 1844. He spent six months trapped by drought at Depot Glen, south of Tibooburra. He then tried to travel north west but was stopped by the desert. Burke and Wills also went through the area in 1861 on their journey north towards the Gulf of Carpentaria. It was the search for Burke and Wills that led to the opening up of the country for the farming and grazing.
The town began during the gold rush to the nearby "Albert Goldfields". Gold was found in the area around Tibooburra in the 1880s. The town was first called called The Granites. Many of the buildings are built from stone, such as the courthouse built in 1888.
The main tourist attraction is Sturt National Park, and Cameron's Corner, where the border lines of the states of Queensland, South Australia and New South Wales meet. Cameron's Corner has a hotel which also has fuel and some basic accommodation.
Tibooburra has a dry, hot, desert climate with temperatures above 40° Celsius (104 °F) in summer, often reaching as high as 47 °C (117 °F). Temperatures are milder in winter, about 20 °C (68 °F) in the daytime. Tibooburra is the hottest town in New South Wales. There is little rainfall during the year. In March 1949 and January 1974, the town received around 390 millimetres (15 in) or twice its average annual rainfall. In its driest year of 1940, only 50 mm (2 in) fell for the whole year.
Tibooburra Outback School of the AirEdit
Tibooburra Outback School of the Air is the town's only school, teaching both local children and the children of property owners in the area. It started as a Distance Education Centre in 1991. Before this, children on properties were educated through central schools in towns such as Broken Hill. The school was begun in 1886. No high school exists in the town. Children travel 365 km (227 mi) to the nearest high school, do home school, or attend boarding schools.
Three or four times each year, students from distant properties attend a 'mini-school' at the school. Mini-schools usually have themes (such as pirates or the circus) and have of a range of fun and educational activities. Out of town families also receive two home visits a year, in which a teacher (or teachers) and students visit and spend the day on the property.
In 2004 the school changed from radio based education to the Satellite Education Program.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tibooburra (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-12-20.
- Tibooburra has a "village council".
- "Profile of the electoral division of Parkes (NSW)". Australian Electoral Commission. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Tobin, Meryl Brown (1988). Exploring Outback Australia. Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press. pp. 25–29. ISBN 0864171897.
- Jameson, Julietta (2001). Tibooburra and the legend of the Tree of Knowledge. Australia: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0731810074.