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Timurid Empire

Empire in the Middle East founded by Timur

The Timurid Empire was an Persianate[2] empire that included all of Iran, modern Afghanistan, and modern Central Asia. It also included large parts of modern Pakistan, Mesopotamia, Anatolia and the Caucasus. It was formed by the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) of the Timurid dynasty in the 14th century.

Timurid Empire

تیموریان
1370–1526
Flag of Timurid Empire
Flag of the Timurid dynasty[a]
Timurid Empire at its greatest extent
Timurid Empire at its greatest extent
StatusEmpire in Middle east and Central Asia
CapitalSamarkand, Herat
Common languagesChaghatai (initially, limited) & Persian (major, official)
Religion
Islam
GovernmentMonarchy
Emir 
• 1370–1405
Timur
• 1506–1507
Muzaffar Hussayn
Historical eraMedieval
• Founded by Timur
1370
• Samarkand conquered by Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani
1509
• Herat conquered by Shaybani
1507
• Disestablished
1526
Area
1405 est.[1]4,400,000 km2 (1,700,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Chagatai Khanate
Kara Koyunlu
Golden Horde
Khanate of Bukhara
Safavid dynasty
Mughal Empire
Khanate of Khiva
a: Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c. 1375

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of world-systems research 12 (2): 219–229. ISSN 1076–156x. http://jwsr.ucr.edu/archive/vol12/number2/pdf/jwsr-v12n2-tah.pdf. Retrieved 12 August 2010. 
  2. Maria Subtelny, "Timurids in Transition", BRILL; illustrated edition (2007-09-30). pg 40: "Nevertheless, in the complex process of transition, members of the Timurid dynasty and their Turko-Mongol supporters became acculturate by the surrounding Persinate millieu adopting Persian cultural models and tastes and acting as patrons of Persian culture, painting, architecture and music." pg 41: "The last members of the dynasty, notably Sultan-Abu Sa'id and Sultan-Husain, in fact came to be regarded as ideal Perso-Islamic rulers who develoted as much attention to agricultural development as they did to fostering Persianate court culture."