The Timurid Empire was an Persianate empire that included all of Iran, modern Afghanistan, and modern Central Asia. It also included large parts of modern Pakistan, Mesopotamia, Anatolia and the Caucasus. It was formed by the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) of the Timurid dynasty in the 14th century.
Flag of the Timurid dynasty[a]
Timurid Empire at its greatest extent
|Status||Empire in Middle east and Central Asia|
|Common languages||Chaghatai (initially, limited) & Persian (major, official)|
• Founded by Timur
• Herat conquered by Shaybani
|1405 est.||4,400,000 km2 (1,700,000 sq mi)|
a: Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c. 1375
- Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires" (PDF). Journal of world-systems research. 12 (2): 219–229. ISSN 1076–156x Check
|issn=value (help). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Maria Subtelny, "Timurids in Transition", BRILL; illustrated edition (2007-09-30). pg 40: "Nevertheless, in the complex process of transition, members of the Timurid dynasty and their Turko-Mongol supporters became acculturate by the surrounding Persinate millieu adopting Persian cultural models and tastes and acting as patrons of Persian culture, painting, architecture and music." pg 41: "The last members of the dynasty, notably Sultan-Abu Sa'id and Sultan-Husain, in fact came to be regarded as ideal Perso-Islamic rulers who develoted as much attention to agricultural development as they did to fostering Persianate court culture."