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Uyghur people

Turkic ethnic group living in Eastern and Central Asia

The Uyghurs (wee-ger; 维吾尔人) are Chinese Turkic people living mainly in Xinjiang, China. Over 11 million Uyghurs live there, more than any other part of the world. Uyghurs also live in Beijing, Shanghai,[14] and Taoyuan County (Hunan, South-Central China).[15]

Uyghur
ئۇيغۇر
Khotan-melikawat-chicas-d03.jpg
Uyghur girl
Regions with significant populations
 China
(Xinjiang)
11,303,355 [1]
 Kazakhstan223,100 (2009)[2]
 Uzbekistan55,220 (2008)
 Kyrgyzstan49,000 (2009)[3]
 Turkey (Uyghurs in Turkey)45,800 (2010)[4][5]
 Saudi Arabia~50,000 (2013) (Saudi Labor Ministry)[6]
 Syria~3,500 (2015) (Uyghur Turkistan Islamic Party members plus families in Zanbaqi (الزنبقي) in Jisr al-Shughur)[7][8][9][10]
 Pakistan
(Uyghurs in Pakistan)
~1,000 families (2010)[11]
 Russia3,696 (2010)[12]
 Ukraine197 (2001)[13]
Languages
Uyghur
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Uzbeks, other Turkic peoples and Tocharians

They are mainly Muslim and speak Uyghur, a Turkic language. They write in the Uyghur alphabet, which is based on the Arabic alphabet.

HistoryEdit

Uyghurs were originally from Mongolia and immigrated to Xinjiang during the 8th or 9th centuries AD.[16]

DiasporaEdit

There are Uyghur diasporic communities in Turkey, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Mongolia.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Statistical Yearbook of Xinjiang in 2016
    Uyghur people
  2. Агентство Республики Каписью на 26,1% и составила 10098,6 тыс. человек. Увеличилась численность узбеков на 23,3%, составив 457,2 тыс. человек, уйгур - на 6%, составив 223,1 тыс. человек. Снизилась численность русских на 15,3%, составив 3797,0 тыс. человек; немцев - на 49,6%, составив 178,2 тыс. человек; украинцев – на 39,1%, составив 333,2 тыс. человек; татар – на 18,4%, составив 203,3 тыс. человек; других этносов – на 5,8%, составив 714,2 тыс. человек.
  3. Национальный статистический комитет Кыргызской Республики : Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009 года в цифрах и фактах - Архив Публикаций - КНИГА II (часть I в таблицах) : 3.1. Численность постоянного населения по национальностям Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Yitzhak Shichor; East-West Center (2009). Ethno-diplomacy, the Uyghur hitch in Sino-Turkish relations. East-West Center. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-932728-80-4.
  5. "Uygur Ajan Rabia Kadir, Doğu Türkistanlı Mücahidleri İhbar Etti". ISLAH HABER "Özgür Ümmetin Habercisi". 8 January 2015.
  6. "Nitaqat rules for Palestinians and Turkistanis eased". arabnews.com. Sadui Labor Ministry. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  7. "قرية الزنبقي السورية أقرب إلى الصين منها الى دمشق + صور".
  8. "داعش جلب آلاف المقاتلين مع عائلاتهم إلى الرقة".
  9. "قرية الزنبقي صينية أم سورية!".
  10. "بالفيديو : قرية الزنبقي يتحول الى مستوطنة للأيغور والتركمان".
  11. Hoshur, Shohret; Shemshidin, Zubeyra (2010-04-06), "Pakistan Uyghurs in Hiding: Brothers blame raids and arrests on pressure from China", Radio Free Asia, retrieved 2010-05-11
  12. "Перепись населения России 2010 года". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  13. State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
  14. http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/chinethn.html
  15. http://english.people.com.cn/english/200012/28/eng20001228_59085.html
  16. Millward, James (2007). Eurasian Crossroads. Columbia University. pp. 42–43.