The Wikimedia Foundation is an American non-profit foundation. Their main headquarters is in San Francisco in the United States. The Wikimedia Foundation runs many projects using the wiki idea and the MediaWiki software. These projects include Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikisource, Wikinews, Wikibooks, Wikiversity, Wikimedia Commons, Wikidata, Wikivoyage, and Meta-Wiki.
|Founded||June 20, 2003|
St. Petersburg, Florida, U.S.
|Type||501(c)(3), charitable organization|
|Focus||Free, open-content, wiki-based Internet projects|
|Products||Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikimedia Commons, Wikidata, Wikiquote, Wikibooks, Wikisource, Wikispecies, Wikinews, Wikiversity, Wikivoyage, MediaWiki|
|María Sefidari (Chair of the board)|
Katherine Maher (Executive director)
|Endowment (2019)||US $35 million|
|~301 staff/contractors (as of August 8, 2018[update])|
There are many other wikis related to the foundation, but these are mostly smaller projects. They include the Wikimedia Foundation wiki, the MediaWiki wiki, the Test Wikipedia, the Wikimedia Incubator, Bugzilla, and the Wikimania wiki.
The foundation gets most of its funds from donations, as it is a nonprofit. It also looks for grants. Some companies have helped Wikimedia by giving free computer hardware, and by hosting servers. Since people can write the wikis, Wikimedia projects are free to use. Funds are used to run computer servers and to pay staff. The Foundation had 160 employees in 2013.
Content projects Edit
As of 2021,[update] Wikimedia has many content projects. These include:
- Wikipedia: An online encyclopedia.
- Meta-Wiki: A place for talking about ideas about Wikimedia projects.
- Wikibooks: A collection of educational books.
- Wikidata: A shared collection of data that can be accessed by other projects.
- Wikifunctions: A collection of code.
- Wikimedia Commons: A shared collection of free images, videos, and sounds. Things there can be used by other projects.
- Wikinews: A collection of news articles.
- Wikiquote: A collection of quotes.
- Wikisource: A library of source texts and documents.
- Wikispecies: A taxonomic collection of species.
- Wikiversity: A collection of educational materials.
- Wikivoyage: A travel guide.
- Wiktionary: A dictionary.
Infrastructure projects Edit
There are other projects that help the Wikimedia movement's infrastructure and interface. They do this by making them work smoothly. These include:
- Kiwix: A community project that allows offline access to the content projects.
- MediaWiki: The open-source platform that powers the Wikimedia projects.
- Toolforge: A community space that hosts software projects.
- Volunteer Response Team: A community group that handles email inquiries.
- Wikimedia Cloud Services: A platform for shared cloud computing, based on OpenStack.
- Wikitech: A group of developers with a wiki and mailing list.
The different boards Edit
Board of Trustees Edit
The Board of Trustees in charge of all the affairs of the Foundation has ten members:
- four who are appointed by the Board itself;
- three who are selected by the community of all the different Wikimedia projects;
- two who are selected by the local chapters and thematic organizations;
- and one emeritus for the foundation's founder, Jimmy Wales.
The Signpost reported that two new trustees were elected in 2019:
- Nataliia Tymkiv, user:antanana (English or Ukrainian)
- Shani Evenstein, user:Esh77 i(English or Hebrew)
Advisory Board Edit
The Foundation also has an Advisory Board, an international network of experts who have agreed to give the foundation meaningful help on a regular basis in many different areas, including law, organizational development, technology, policy, and outreach.
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- Brent, Marc (24 April 2019). "Peter Baldwin, Lisbet Rausing give an additional $3.5 million to the Wikimedia Endowment". Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
With their gifts, the Endowment has now increased to more than $35 million and have moved us that much closer to our goal of $100 million.
- "Staff and contractors page (Wikimedia Foundation website)". Wikimedia Foundation. September 21, 2017. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- "List of Wikimedia wikis on Meta". Archived from the original on 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2010-11-22.
- Meyers, Peter (2001-09-20). "Fact-Driven? Collegial? This Site Wants You". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2022-05-27. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
It's kind of surprising that you could just open up a site and let people work," said Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia's co-founder and the chief executive of Bomis, a San Diego search engine company that donates the computer resources for the project.
- Bergstein, Brian (2007-03-25). "Sanger says he co-started Wikipedia". ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
The nascent Web encyclopedia Citizendium springs from Larry Sanger, a philosophy Ph.D. who counts himself as a co-founder of Wikipedia, the site he now hopes to usurp. The claim doesn't seem particularly controversial — Sanger has long been cited as a co-founder. Yet the other founder, Jimmy Wales, isn't happy about it.
- Chozick, Amy (27 June 2013). "Jimmy Wales is Not an Internet Billionaire". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2019-07-05.
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- Reed, Betsy. "Welcome to Wikidata! Now what?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2023-06-09.
- Sutherland, Joe. Emmanuel Engelhart, Inventor of Kiwix: the Offline Wikipedia Browser. In: Wikimedia Blog. 12 September 2014. Accessed on 26 November 2014.
- Barrett, Daniel J. (October 2008). MediaWiki. O'Reilly Media. ISBN 978-0-596-51979-7. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- "Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/2019-06-30/Op-Ed". Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- "Advisory Board". Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2009-10-07.