1880 United States presidential election

24th quadrennial U.S. presidential election

The 1880 United States presidential election was the 24th election in the history of the United States. It occurred on November 2, 1880. This election was between Congressman James A. Garfield of Ohio and Major General Winfield S. Hancock of Pennsylvania. Garfield won the election with 244 electoral votes, while Hancock got only 155 electoral votes. However, Garfield was assassinated during his first year in office in September 1881, and would be succeeded by his vice president, Chester A. Arthur.

1880 United States presidential election

← 1876 November 6, 1880 1884 →

369 members of the Electoral College
185 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout78.0%[1] Decrease 4.6 pp
Nominee James A. Garfield Winfield Scott Hancock
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Ohio Pennsylvania
Running mate Chester A. Arthur William H. English
Electoral vote 214 155
States carried 19 19
Popular vote 4,446,158 4,444,260
Percentage 48.32% 48.21%

Presidential election results map. Red denotes those won by Garfield/Arthur, blue denotes states won by Hancock/English. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

President before election

Rutherford B. Hayes

Elected President

James A. Garfield

Republican Party



  • James A. Garfield, Congressman of Ohio's 19th District (1863-1880) (Nominee)
  • Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (1869-1877)
  • James G. Blaine, Senator from Maine (1876-1881)
  • John Sherman, Senator of Ohio (1861-1877; 1881-1897) and Secretary of the Treasury (1877-1881)


  • Chester A. Arthur, Chairman of the New York Republican Party (1879-1881) (Vice-Presidential Nominee)
  • Elihu B. Washburne, Former United States Minister to France (1869-1877)
  • Marshall Jewell, Chairman of the Republican National Committee (1880-1883)
  • Horace Maynerd, Postmaster General of the United States (1880-1881); Minister to the Ottoman Empire (1875-1880)
  • Blanche Bruce, Senator of Mississippi (1875-1881)
  • James L. Alcorn, former Senator of Mississippi (1871-1877)
  • Edmund J. Davis, former Governor of Texas (1870-1874)
  • Thomas Settle, Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida (1877-1888)
  • Stewart L. Woodford, United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York (1877-1883)

Democratic Party


Vice-presidential nominee

  • William H. English, former Congressman of Indiana's 2nd District (1853-1861)


  1. "National General Election VEP Turnout Rates, 1789-Present". United States Election Project. CQ Press.