2008 South Ossetia war
|2008 South Ossetia war|
|Part of Georgian–Ossetian conflict|
and Georgian–Abkhazian conflict
Location of Georgia (including Abkhazia and South Ossetia) and the Russian part of North Caucasus
|Commanders and leaders|
Mikheil Saakashvili (commander-in-chief)|
Lado Gurgenidze (Prime minister)
Davit Kezerashvili (Defence Minister)
Alexandre Lomaia (National Security Council)
Zaza Gogava (Chief of Joint Staff)
David Nairashvili (Air Force commander)
Mamuka Kurashvili (Peacekeepers)
Vano Merabishvili (Minister of Internal Affairs)
Dmitry Medvedev (commander-in-chief)
Eduard Kokoity (commander-in-chief)
Vasiliy Lunev (Ministry of Defence)
Anatoly Barankevich (Ministry of Defence and Emergencies)
Sergei Bagapsh (commander-in-chief)
Anatoly Zaitsev (Ministry of Defence)
In South Ossetia:|
2,900 regular soldiers.
5,000 regular soldiers.
|Casualties and losses|
11 killed, 3 missing, 227 wounded
Refugees:At least 158,000 civilians displaced (including 30,000 South Ossetians that moved to North Ossetia, Russia; and 56,000 Georgians from Gori, Georgia and 15,000 Georgians from South Ossetia per UNHCR that moved to uncontested Georgia). Estimate by Georgian Coordinator for Humanitarian Affairs: at least 230,000.
South Ossetia and Abkhazia are territories within Georgia that declared independence from Georgia and have been acting in a de facto independent capacity since the early 1990s. Neither state has been diplomatically recognised by any member of the United Nations. The conflict began on August 8, 2008, after Georgia claimed South Ossetian separatists had broken a ceasefire by attacking villages, although South Ossetian officials deny that they attacked villages. Georgia launched a military offensive to surround and capture the capital of South Ossetia, Tskhinvali.
Russian military troops entered the war at the side of South Ossetia and won the conflict. Georgia launched the Georgia versus Russia (Hague court application, 2008) in the International Court of Justice.
The war ended on Saturday 16th, 2008.
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- "Deceased victims list". Ossetia-war.com. Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- List of killed South Ossetian citizens as of 04.09.08, Список погибших граждан Южной Осетии на 04.09.08, 4 September 2008 (in Russian); Russia scales down Georgia toll, BBC News, 20 August 2008; Russia says some 18,000 refugees return to S. Ossetia, RIA Novosti 21 August 2008. Accessed 2009-05-28. Archived 2009-05-28.
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- State Committee of Information and Press of the Republic of South Ossetia (in English)