Libyan Civil War (2011)
The Libyan Civil War is a civil war in Libya that began in the year 2011. It began in the middle of February 2011. Many Libyans were inspired by the uprisings in neighbouring countries, such as Tunisia and Egypt. They violently protested against the government. Colonel Muammar Gaddafi sent troops and tanks to break up the rebellion. Al-Qaeda started bombing, and rebels began forming their own government. The war led to the death of Gaddafi in October, and of thousands of other people.
|Libyan Civil War|
|Part of the Arab Spring and Libyan Crisis (2011–present)|
From left to right: Armed pro-government supporters; Pro-government protesters gathered in Green Square, now known as Martyrs' Square; anti-Government protesters in Benghazi; Libyan rebels on a captured T-55 tank.
Enforcing UNSC Resolution 1973:
|Commanders and leaders|
International Forces: Numerous air and maritime forces (see here)
|20,000–40,000 soldiers and militia|
|Casualties and losses|
|5,904–6,626 opposition fighters and supporters killed (other estimates: see here)||
3,309–4,227 soldiers killed (other estimates: see here),|
Estimated total casualties from all sides, including civilians:|
9,400–20,000 killed, 4,000 missing, 50,000 injured
(other estimates: see here)
|*Large number of loyalist or immigrant civilians, not military personnel, among those captured by rebels, only an estimated minimum of 1,692+ confirmed as soldiers|
Beginning of Conflict Against Gaddafi change
The conflict began with series of demonstrations and riots. There were many small protests of about 300-500 people throughout January. Major protests did not begin until 14 February 2011. The demonstrations were protesting against the Government of Libya and its leader Muammar al-Gaddafi. The conflict grew as thousands of people joined the protests. Gaddafi vowed to hunt them down and "clean Libya house by house" until all rebels are gone. However, some of Gaddafi's soldiers began joining the rebels in protest. The protests are thought to have been inspired by the successful uprising in Tunisia and Egypt.
According to NBC News Chief Foreign Correspondent, Richard Engel, who entered Libya and had reached the city of Tobruk on 22 February 2011 was quoted as saying, "the protest movement is no longer a protest movement, it's a war. It's open revolt." and on 22 February, The Economist described the protests as an "uprising that is trying to reclaim Libya from the world's longest-ruling autocrat". On 21 February, the Libyan Air Force aircraft attacked civilian protesters in Tripoli which caused international condemnation. By this time, over 300 to 2,000 were dead and over 5,000 were injured.
Armed conflict change
There were small battles until February 24, when Gaddafi sent tanks and troops into Misrata and attacked. Then, on March 6, launched a counter-offensive against Rebels. This lasted until 12 March. He regained Ra's Lanuf and Brega. The Rebels gained power when NATO and other countries began bombarding Gaddafi's forces with attack aircraft.
The Rebels' launched a counter-offensive on March 27 that lasted until April 1. The Rebels regained a few cities.
The Battle of Misrata was the fiercest battle in the civil war. The Hamza Brigade fought for Gaddafi against the Rebels from 24 February to 12 March. The Khamis Brigade, run by Gaddafi's son Khamis, rolled in and nearly destroyed the entire city. The rebels won the battle and took control of the city.
The rebels also won in Benghazi and other places. They took Tripoli in August. In October the fighting diminished, and the rebels declared victory. His enemies killed Gaddafi on 20 October 2011.
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- 300 prisoners in Benghazi,"Libyan rebels capture part of Brega, push north - World news - Europe - MSNBC.com". Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 230 prisoners in Misrata, 52 prisoners in Nalut, 13 prisoners in Yafran, 50 prisoners in al-Galaa,[permanent dead link] 147 prisoners in Zintan, 600 prisoners in Tripoli,"400 dead, 2,000 wounded in battle for Tripoli: Rebel leader | News Hours BD English". Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 150 prisoners in Sabha, 150 prisoners in Sirte minimum of 1,692 reported captured
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- Swami, Praveen (25 March 2011). "Libyan rebel commander admits his fighters have al-Qaeda links" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.