45th Canadian federal election

future general election in Canada

The 45th Canadian federal election will take place on or before 20 October 2025 to elect members of the House of Commons to the 45th Canadian Parliament.

45th Canadian federal election

← 2021 On or before 20 October 2025 (2025-10-20)
← List of House members of the 44th Parliament of Canada

338 seats in the House of Commons[a]
170 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
 
Justin Trudeau March 2022.jpg
The Conservative Party of Canada - 2018 (41676503252) (cropped).jpg
Yves-Francois Blanchet in October 2009.jpg
Leader Justin Trudeau Candice Bergen
(interim)
Yves-François Blanchet
Party Liberal Conservative Bloc Québécois
Leader since 14 April 2013 2 February 2022 17 January 2019
Leader's seat Papineau Portage—Lisgar Beloeil—Chambly
Last election 160 seats, 32.62% 119 seats, 33.74% 32 seats, 7.64%
Current seats 159 119 32
Seats needed Increase 11 Increase 51 N/A[b]

 
Jagmeet Singh in Brantford 2022 (cropped).jpg
Amita Kuttner media official cropped.jpeg
Maxime Bernier in 2017 - cropped.jpg
Leader Jagmeet Singh Amita Kuttner
(interim)
Maxime Bernier
Party New Democratic Green People's
Leader since 1 October 2017 24 November 2021 14 September 2018
Leader's seat Burnaby South N/A[d] N/A[c]
Last election 25 seats, 17.82% 2 seats, 2.33% 0 seats, 4.94%
Current seats 25 2 0
Seats needed Increase 145 Increase 168 Increase 170

Incumbent Prime Minister

Justin Trudeau
Liberal



The date of the election is not yet known.[1] Since the current government is a minority government, the election can happen before the scheduled date if the Governor General of Canada dissolves Parliament or at the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Canada for a snap election.[2][3][4]

Current seatsEdit

Name Ideology Position Leader 2021 result Current standing
Votes (%) Seats
Liberal Liberalism
Social liberalism
Centre to centre-left Justin Trudeau
32.62%
160 / 338
159 / 338
Conservative Conservatism
Economic liberalism
Fiscal conservatism
Centre-right to right-wing Candice Bergen
(Interim)
33.74%
119 / 338
119 / 338
Bloc Québécois Quebec nationalism Centre-left Yves-François Blanchet
7.64%
32 / 338
32 / 338
New Democratic Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Centre-left to left-wing Jagmeet Singh
17.82%
25 / 338
25 / 338
Green Green politics Amita Kuttner
(Interim)
2.33%
2 / 338
2 / 338
Independents N/A
0.19%
0 / 338
1 / 338

Opinion pollingEdit

 
The current opinion polling for the 45th Canadian federal election

NotesEdit

  1. A redistribution is required to take effect by 2024, which will increase the number of seats.
  2. Though parties registered with Elections Canada can field candidates in any riding they wish, the Bloc Québécois has never fielded candidates outside of Quebec (78 seats). Thus they currently cannot gain a majority in parliament.
  3. Ran in Beauce, lost.
  4. Ran in Burnaby North—Seymour in 2019, lost. Kuttner did not run in 2021.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Amendment to Canada Elections Act". Queen's Printer for Canada. November 6, 2006. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  2. Aiello, Rachel (October 24, 2019). "Split opposition means stronger minority for Liberals, experts say". CTV News. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
  3. Harris, Kathleen (October 21, 2020). "Snap election averted as Liberal government survives confidence vote in Commons". CBC News. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  4. Coyne, Andrew (October 28, 2020). "What, exactly, is a non-confidence vote? Parliament should get to decide". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 26, 2020.