|Centuries:||5th century – 6th century – 7th century|
|Decades:||480s 490s 500s – 510s – 520s 530s 540s|
|Years:||509 510 511 – 512 – 513 514 515|
- Roman (Byzantine) Emperor Anastasius I ends a period of moderate ecclestical policy, and starts strongly favoring his own monophysitist beliefs.
- Flavian II, Patriarch of Antioch, is deposed and replaced with Severus.
- The island nation of Usan-guk is conquered by the Korean Silla Dynasty general Lee Sabu.
- Earliest known dated text in the Arabic alphabet, at Zebed in Syria