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Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈalaŋ ɡaβˈɾjel luðˈwiɣ ɡarˈsi.a ]; 23 May 1949 – 17 April 2019) was a Peruvian politician. He was the President of Peru from 1985 to 1990 and again from 2006 to 2011.[1] He was the leader of the Peruvian Aprista Party.

Alan García Pérez
PERÚ Y JAPÓN CERRARON NEGOCIACIONES PARA UN TRATADO DE LIBRE COMERCIO (5178322661) (cropped).jpg
61st and 64th President of Peru
In office
28 July 2006 – 28 July 2011
Prime MinisterJorge del Castillo
Yehude Simon
Javier Velásquez
José Antonio Chang
Rosario Fernández
Vice PresidentLuis Giampietri
Lourdes Mendoza
Preceded byAlejandro Toledo
Succeeded byOllanta Humala
In office
28 July 1985 – 28 July 1990
Prime MinisterLuis Alva Castro
Armando Villanueva
Luis Alberto Sánchez
Guillermo Larco Cox
Vice PresidentLuis Alberto Sánchez
Luis Alva Castro
Preceded byFernando Belaúnde Terry
Succeeded byAlberto Fujimori
President of the Peruvian Aprista Party
In office
7 June 2004 – 11 April 2016
Preceded byPosition reestablished
Succeeded byTBD
In office
15 July 1985 – 23 December 1988
Preceded byArmando Villanueva
Succeeded byPosition abolished
General Secretary of the Peruvian Aprista Party
In office
9 October 1982 – 15 July 1985
Preceded byFernando León de Vivero
Succeeded byArmando Villanueva
Luis Negreiros
Personal details
Born
Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez

(1949-05-23)23 May 1949
Lima, Peru
Died17 April 2019(2019-04-17) (aged 69)
Lima, Peru
Political partyAmerican Popular Revolutionary Alliance
Other political
affiliations
Popular Alliance (2015-2016)
Spouse(s)Carla Buscaglia (Divorced)
Pilar Nores (1978–2019; his death)
Alma materPontifical Catholic University of Peru
National University of San Marcos
Complutense University
Pantheon-Sorbonne University
Signature

His first term, the country went through a severe economic crisis, social unrest and violence. He ran unsuccessfully for the Presidency in 2001, losing in a run-off to Alejandro Toledo.[2] He ran again in 2006 and was elected to a second term, even though his first term in the 1980s was thought to be the worst in the country's history.

During García's second term, Peru had increased environmental damage, according to critics, and increased social conflict, according to the national human rights ombudsman's office.[3]

On the morning of 17 April 2019, García shot himself in the neck when police officials were planning to arrest him linked to a corruption scandal.[4] He was hospitalized under critical condition and had emergency surgery where García had three cardiac arrests.[5] He died hours later at a Lima hospital.[6][7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. García wins to become Peru president al-Jazeera, 5 June 2006
  2. "The risk of throwing it all away". The Economist. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  3. [1][dead link]
  4. "El ex presidente peruano Alan García se disparó en la cabeza tras recibir una orden de arresto y está en grave estado". Infobae (in Spanish). 17 April 2019. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
  5. "Peru's ex-president Alan Garcia shoots himself when police tried to arrest him". NBC. 17 April 2019.
  6. "Fallece expresidente peruano Alan García tras dispararse para evitar detención por caso Odebrecht". teleSUR (in Spanish). 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  7. "Ex-President Alan García of Peru Is Dead After Shooting Himself During Arrest". The New York Times. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  8. "Alan García: Peru's former president kills himself ahead of arrest". BBC News. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.