Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈalaŋ ɡaβˈɾjel luðˈwiɣ ɡarˈsi.a ]; 23 May 1949 – 17 April 2019) was a Peruvian politician. He was the President of Peru from 1985 to 1990 and again from 2006 to 2011. He was the leader of the Peruvian Aprista Party.
Alan García Pérez
|61st and 64th President of Peru|
28 July 2006 – 28 July 2011
|Prime Minister||Jorge del Castillo|
José Antonio Chang
|Vice President||Luis Giampietri|
|Preceded by||Alejandro Toledo|
|Succeeded by||Ollanta Humala|
28 July 1985 – 28 July 1990
|Prime Minister||Luis Alva Castro|
Luis Alberto Sánchez
Guillermo Larco Cox
|Vice President||Luis Alberto Sánchez|
Luis Alva Castro
|Preceded by||Fernando Belaúnde Terry|
|Succeeded by||Alberto Fujimori|
|President of the Peruvian Aprista Party|
7 June 2004 – 11 April 2016
|Preceded by||Position reestablished|
15 July 1985 – 23 December 1988
|Preceded by||Armando Villanueva|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|General Secretary of the Peruvian Aprista Party|
9 October 1982 – 15 July 1985
|Preceded by||Fernando León de Vivero|
|Succeeded by||Armando Villanueva|
Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez
23 May 1949
|Died||17 April 2019 (aged 69)|
|Political party||American Popular Revolutionary Alliance|
|Popular Alliance (2015-2016)|
|Spouse(s)||Carla Buscaglia (Divorced)|
Pilar Nores (1978–2019; his death)
|Alma mater||Pontifical Catholic University of Peru|
National University of San Marcos
His first term, the country went through a severe economic crisis, social unrest and violence. He ran unsuccessfully for the Presidency in 2001, losing in a run-off to Alejandro Toledo. He ran again in 2006 and was elected to a second term, even though his first term in the 1980s was thought to be the worst in the country's history.
During García's second term, Peru had increased environmental damage, according to critics, and increased social conflict, according to the national human rights ombudsman's office.
García ran for a third term as president in the 2016 Peruvian general election as the candidate of the criticized Popular Alliance coalition which included APRA’s old rival, the Christian People’s Party with Lourdes Flores as his first running mate. The election's first round polls gave García 5.83% of the popular vote, preventing him from participating in the runoff election. Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was ultimately elected.
On the morning of 17 April 2019, García shot himself in the neck when police officials were planning to arrest him linked to a corruption scandal. He was hospitalized under critical condition and had emergency surgery where García had three cardiac arrests. He died hours later at a Lima hospital. García became the second head of state of Peru to die of suicide after Gustavo Jiménez, who did so in 1933.
- García wins to become Peru president al-Jazeera, 5 June 2006
- "The risk of throwing it all away". The Economist. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- [dead link]
- "ONPE - Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales". 2016-06-11. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
- Anderson, John Lee (10 June 2016). "A surprising coalition brings a new leader to Peru". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 12 June 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "El ex presidente peruano Alan García se disparó en la cabeza tras recibir una orden de arresto y está en grave estado". Infobae (in European Spanish). 17 April 2019. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
- "Peru's ex-president Alan Garcia shoots himself when police tried to arrest him". NBC. 17 April 2019.
- "Fallece expresidente peruano Alan García tras dispararse para evitar detención por caso Odebrecht". teleSUR (in Spanish). 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Ex-President Alan García of Peru Is Dead After Shooting Himself During Arrest". The New York Times. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Alan García: Peru's former president kills himself ahead of arrest". BBC News. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- Phillips, Tom; Collyns, Dan (17 April 2019). "Alan García: former Peru president dies after shooting himself before arrest". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Aquino, Marco (19 April 2013). "Peru's former leader Garcia's political life at risk over pardons". Reuters. Retrieved 30 June 2020.