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List of Presidents of Peru

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This is a list of Presidents of Peru.

Republic of Peru (1839–present)Edit

The Republic of Peru was reestablished on August 25, 1839.

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Form of entry Title
5   Agustín Gamarra Messia
(1785–1841)
August 25, 1838 – August 15, 1839 Military Proclaimed by open cabildo in Lima President of the Republic
August 15, 1839 – July 10, 1840 Appointed by the General Congress of Huancayo Provisional President
July 10, 1840 – November 18, 1841 (†) Direct elections Constitutional President
  Manuel Menéndez Gorozabel
(1793–1847)
November 18, 1841 – August 16, 1842 Independent Constitutional succession (as Vice President) Provisional President
  Juan Crisóstomo Torrico González
(1808–1875)
August 16, 1842 – August 20, 1842 Military Self-proclamation Commander-in-chief
  Juan Bautista de Lavalle y Zugasti August 20, 1842 – October 20, 1842 Independent Took over the government as President of the Council of Ministers Interim President
6   Juan Francisco de Vidal La Hoz
(1800–1863)
October 20, 1842 – March 15, 1843 Military Self-proclamation (assumed the power after defeating Torrico in the battle of Agua Santa) President of the Republic
  Justo Figuerola de Estrada
(1771–1854)
March 15, 1843 – March 19, 1843 Independent Provisional President
  Eleuterio Aramburú March 19, 1843 – March 21, 1843 Military Took over the government as commander of the garrison of Lima Interim President
  José Rufino Echenique
(1808–1887)
March 21, 1843 – March 27, 1843 Military Took over the government as Prefect of Lima Interim President
  Juan Antonio Pezet
(1809–1879)
March 27, 1843 – April 7, 1843 Military Assumed the power on behalf of Vivanco Interim President
  Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco Iturralde
(1806–1873)
April 7, 1843 – June 17, 1844 Military Self-proclamation Supreme Director of the Republic
  Domingo Nieto y Márquez
(1803–1844)
September 3, 1843 – February 17, 1844 (†) Military Self-proclamation (starting the constitutionalist revolution against Vivanco) President of the Supreme Provisional Governing Junta
  Ramón Castilla y Marquesado
(1797–1867)
February 17, 1844 – December 11, 1844 Military Replaced Nieto as President of the Junta President of the Supreme Provisional Governing Junta
  Domingo Elías Carbajo
(1805–1867)
November 30, 1843 – June 17, 1844 Independent Assumed the power on behalf of Vivanco (as Prefect of Lima) Interim President
June 17, 1844 – August 10, 1844 Self-proclamation in Lima (ignoring the authority of Vivanco) Commander-in-chief
  Justo Figuerola de Estrada
(1771–1854)
August 10, 1844 – October 7, 1844 Independent Provisional President
  Manuel Menéndez Gorozabel
(1793–1847)
October 7, 1844 – April 20, 1845 Independent Transitional constitutional succession (as First Vice-President of the Council of State) Provisional President
7   Ramón Castilla y Marquesado
(1797–1867)
April 20, 1845 – April 20, 1851 Military Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
(the first President of Peru to complete his full term of office)
8   José Rufino Echenique Benavente
(1808–1887)
April 20, 1851 – January 5, 1855 Military Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Ramón Castilla y Marquesado
(1797–1867)
February 1854 – January 5, 1855 Military Self-proclamation (in southern and central parts of the country) Interim President
  José Miguel Medina July 17, 1854 – January 5, 1855 Military Assumed the power on behalf of Echenique (as President of the Council of State) Head of the Executive Branch
  Ramón Castilla y Marquesado
(1797–1867)
January 5, 1855 – October 24, 1857 Military Self-proclamation (assumed the power after defeating Echenique in the battle of La Palma) Provisional President of the Republic
  José Maria Raygada y Gallo
(1795–1859)
April 2, 1857 – July 28, 1858 Military Took over the government as President of the Council of Ministers Commander-in-chief
  Miguel de San Román y Meza
(1802–1863)
July 28, 1858 – October 24, 1858 Military Assumed the power on behalf of Castilla (as President of the Council of Ministers) Commander-in-chief
10   Ramón Castilla y Marquesado
(1797–1867)
October 24, 1858 – October 24, 1862 Military Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Juan Manuel del Mar
(1805–1862)
September 29, 1859 – March 21, 1860 Independent Assumed the power on behalf of Castilla (as Vice President) Head of the Executive Branch
11   Miguel de San Román y Meza
(1802–1863)
October 24, 1862 – April 3, 1863 (†) Military Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Ramón Castilla y Marquesado
(1797–1867)
April 3, 1863 – April 9, 1863 Military Self-proclamation Head of the Executive Branch
  Pedro Diez Canseco Corbacho
(1815–1893)
April 9, 1863 – August 5, 1863 Military Provisional succession (as Second Vice President) Commander-in-chief
12   Juan Antonio Pezet Rodríguez
(1809–1879)
August 5, 1863 – November 6, 1865 Military Constitutional succession (as First Vice President) Constitutional President of the Republic
  Pedro Diez Canseco Corbacho
(1815–1893)
November 6, 1865 – November 28, 1865 Military Provisional president
13   Mariano Ignacio Prado Ochoa
(1825–1901)
November 28, 1865 – February 15, 1867 Military Self-proclamation Commander-in-chief of the Republic
February 15, 1867 – August 31, 1867 Designated by Congress Provisional President of the Republic
August 31, 1867 – January 5, 1868 Designated by Congress and direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Luis La Puerta de Mendoza
(1811–1896)
October 12, 1867 – January 8, 1868 Military Assumed the power on behalf of Prado (as President of the Council of Ministers) Head of the Executive Branch
  Pedro Diez Canseco Corbacho
(1815–1893)
September 23, 1867 – January 7, 1868 Military Self-proclamation in Arequipa Head of the Executive Branch
  Antonio Gutiérrez de la Fuente
(1796–1878)
January 7, 1868 – January 8, 1868 Military Presidential designation (as President of the Council of Ministers) Provisional president
  Francisco Diez Canseco
(1821–1884)
January 8, 1868 – January 22, 1868 Military Head of the Government
  Pedro Diez Canseco Corbacho
(1815–1893)
January 22, 1868 – August 2, 1868 Military Constitutional succession (recognized in Cabildo Abierto de Lima) Provisional president
14   José Balta y Montero
(1814–1872)
August 2, 1868 – July 22, 1872 (July 26, 1872 [†]) Military Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Tomás Gutiérrez
(died 1872)
July 22, 1872 – July 26, 1872 (†) Military Coup d'état Commander-in-chief
  Francisco Diez Canseco
(1821–1884)
July 26, 1872 – July 27, 1872 Military Provisional succession (as Second Vice President of Balta) Interim President
15   Mariano Herencia Zevallos
(1820–1873)
July 27, 1872 – August 2, 1872 Military Constitutional succession (as First Vice President of Balta) Constitutional President of the Republic
16   Manuel Pardo y Lavalle
(1834–1878)
August 2, 1872 – August 2, 1876 Civilista Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
17   Mariano Ignacio Prado Ochoa
(1825–1901)
August 2, 1876 – December 18, 1879 Civilista Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Luis La Puerta de Mendoza
(1811–1896)
May 16, 1879 – December 2, 1879 Civilista Party First Vice President (served on behalf of Prado) Head of the Executive Branch
December 18, 1879 – December 23, 1879 Constitutional succession Transitional President of the Republic
  Nicolás de Piérola Villena
(1839–1913)
December 23, 1879 – January 15, 1881 Independent Self-proclamation Commander-in-chief
July 29, 1881 – November 28, 1881 Appointed by the National Assembly of Ayacucho Provisional President
  Francisco García Calderón Landa
(1834–1905)
March 12, 1881 – July 10, 1881 Independent Elected by open cabildo in Magdalena Provisional President of the Republic
July 10, 1881 – September 28, 1881 (November 6, 1881) Ratified by the Congress of Chorrillos
  Lizardo Montero Flores
(1832–1905)
September 28, 1881 – October 28, 1883 Civilista Party Constitutional succession (oath before the Judicial Court of Cajamarca) Provisional President of the Republic
  Miguel Iglesias Pino de Arce
(1830–1909)
August 31, 1882 – December 30, 1882 Military Self-proclamation in Cajamarca (Grito de Montán) Commander-in-chief
December 30, 1882 – March 1, 1884 Elected by the Assembly of the North (Cajamarca) Regenerating President
March 1, 1884 – December 3, 1885 Ratified by the Constituent Assembly Provisional President of the Republic
  Andrés Avelino Cáceres Dorregaray
(1836–1923)
July 16, 1884 – August 3, 1885 Military Self-proclamation (central part of the country) Self-proclaimed President
  Antonio Arenas Merino
(1808–1891)
December 3, 1885 – June 3, 1886 Independent In charge of the Congress (as President of the Council of Ministers) President of the Provisional Government Junta
18   Andrés Avelino Cáceres Dorregaray
(1836–1923)
June 3, 1886 – August 10, 1890 Constitutional Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
19   Remigio Morales Bermúdez
(1836–1894)
August 10, 1890 – April 1, 1894 (†) Constitutional Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Justiniano Borgoño Castañeda
(1836–1921)
April 1, 1894 – August 10, 1894 Constitutional Party Constitutional succession (as Second Vice President) Transitional President of the Republic
20   Andrés Avelino Cáceres Dorregaray
(1836–1923)
August 10, 1894 – March 20, 1895 Constitutional Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Manuel Candamo Iriarte
(1841–1904)
March 20, 1895 – September 8, 1895 Independent Transitional designation President of the Provisional Government Junta
21   Nicolás de Piérola Villena
(1839–1913)
September 8, 1895 – September 8, 1899 Democratic Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
22   Eduardo López de Romaña Alvizuri
(1847–1912)
September 8, 1899 – September 8, 1903 Civilista Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
23   Manuel Candamo Iriarte
(1841–1904)
September 8, 1903 – April 18, 1904 (May 7, 1904 [†]) Civilista Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
24   Serapio Calderón Lazo de la Vega
(1843–1922)
April 18, 1904 – May 7, 1904 Civilista Party Second Vice President (appointed due to the illness of Candamo) Head of the Executive Branch
May 7, 1904 – September 24, 1904 Constitutional succession (sworn in following the death Candamo Constitutional President of the Republic
25   José Pardo y Barreda
(1864–1947)
September 24, 1904 – September 24, 1908 Civilista Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
26   Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
(1863–1932)
September 24, 1908 – September 24, 1912
(1st term)
Civilista Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
27   Guillermo Billinghurst Angulo
(1851–1915)
September 24, 1912 – February 4, 1914 Democratic Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Óscar R. Benavides Larrea
(1876–1945)
February 4, 1914 – May 15, 1914 Military Coup d'état President of the Government Junta
May 15, 1914 – August 18, 1915 Ratified by Congress Provisional President of the Republic
28   José Pardo y Barreda
(1864–1947)
August 18, 1915 – July 4, 1919 Civilista Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
29   Augusto B. Leguía y Salcedo
(1863–1932)
July 4, 1919 – October 12, 1919
(2nd term)
Democratic Reformist Party Coup d'état after direct elections (already President-elect) Provisional President of the Republic
October 12, 1919 – October 12, 1924
(2nd term cont.)
Direct elections (before the coup d'etat) Constitutional President of the Republic
October 12, 1924 – October 12, 1929
(3rd term)
Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
October 12, 1929 – August 25, 1930
(4th term)
Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Manuel María Ponce Brousset
(1874–1966)
August 25, 1930 – August 27, 1930 Military Appointed President of the Military Junta constituted after the resignation of Leguía President of the Military Junta
  Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
(1889–1933)
August 27, 1930 – March 1, 1931 Military Coup d'état President of the Government Junta
  Mariano Holguín Maldonado March 1, 1931 – March 1, 1931 Independent Presidential designation (while the Government Junta elected a President of the Republic) President of the Assembly of Notables
  Ricardo Leoncio Elías Arias
(1874–1951)
March 1, 1931 – March 5, 1931 Military Transitional designation by Board of Notables (as President of the Supreme Court) President of the Provisional Board
  Gustavo A. Jiménez
(1886–1933)
March 5, 1931 – March 11, 1931 Military Coup d'état President of the Transitory Government Board
  David Samanez Ocampo y Sobrino
(1866–1947)
March 11, 1931 – December 8, 1931 Independent Transitional designation by Assembly of Notables President of the Government Junta
30   Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
(1889–1933)
December 8, 1931 – April 30, 1933 (†) Revolutionary Union Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
31   Oscar R. Benavides Larrea
(1876–1945)
April 30, 1933 – December 8, 1939 Military Designated by the Constituent Assembly Constitutional President of the Republic
32   Manuel Prado y Ugarteche
(1889–1967)
December 8, 1939 – July 28, 1945 Independent Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
33   José Luis Bustamante y Rivero
(1894–1989)
July 28, 1945 – October 29, 1948 National Democratic Front Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Manuel A. Odría
(1896–1974)
October 29, 1948 – May 31, 1950 Military Coup d'état
  Zenón Noriega Agüero
(1900–1957)
May 31, 1950 – July 28, 1950 Military Provisional designation Provisional President
34   Manuel A. Odría Amoretti
(1896–1974)
July 28, 1950 – July 28, 1956 Odriíst National Union Direct elections (only candidate) Constitutional President of the Republic
35   Manuel Prado y Ugarteche
(1889–1967)
July 28, 1956 – July 18, 1962 Pradist Democratic Movement Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Ricardo Pérez Godoy
(1905–1982)
July 18, 1962 – March 3, 1963 Military Coup d'état President of the Military Government Junta
  Nicolás Lindley López
(1908–1995)
March 3, 1963 – July 28, 1963 Military Coup d'état President of the Military Government Junta
36   Fernando Belaúnde Terry
(1912–2002)
July 28, 1963 – October 3, 1968 Popular Action Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Juan Velasco Alvarado
(1910–1977)
October 3, 1968 – August 30, 1975 Military Coup d'état President of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces
  Francisco Morales Bermúdez Cerrutti
(1921–)
August 30, 1975 – July 28, 1980 Military Coup d'état President of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces
37   Fernando Belaúnde Terry
(1912–2002)
July 28, 1980 – July 28, 1985 Popular Action Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
38   Alan García Pérez
(1949–)
July 28, 1985 – July 28, 1990 American Popular Revolutionary Alliance Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
39   Alberto Fujimori Fujimori
(1938–)
July 28, 1990 – April 5, 1992
(1st term)
Cambio 90 Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
April 5, 1992 – January 9, 1993
(1st term cont.)
Self-coup. Dissolved the Congress President of the Government of Emergency and National Reconstruction
January 9, 1993 – July 28, 1995
(1st term cont.)
Ratified by the Democratic Constituent Congress Constitutional President of the Republic
July 28, 1995 – July 28, 2000
(2nd term)
Cambio 90Sí Cumple Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
(39) July 28, 2000 – November 21, 2000
(3rd term)
Sí Cumple Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Valentín Paniagua Corazao
(1936–2006)
November 22, 2000 – July 28, 2001 Popular Action Constitutional succession (as President of the Congress) Constitutional President of the Republic
40   Alejandro Toledo Manrique
(1946–)
July 28, 2001 – July 28, 2006 Possible Peru Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
41   Alan García Pérez
(1949–)
July 28, 2006 - July 28, 2011 American Popular Revolutionary Alliance Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
42   Ollanta Humala Tasso
(1962–)
July 28, 2011 – July 28, 2016 Peruvian Nationalist Party Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
43   Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard
(1938–)
July 28, 2016 – March 21, 2018 Peruvians for Change Direct elections Constitutional President of the Republic
  Martín Vizcarra
(1963-)
March 21, 2018 - present Peruvians for Change Constitutional Succession (as First Vice President) Provisional President of the Republic
44 March 23, 2018 Constitutional President of the Republic-elect