secessionist entity in West Africa

Ambazonia, officially the Federal Republic of Ambazonia is a secessionist state of Cameroon, self-proclamed in its English-speaking regions. De facto, Buea is the capital. It is bordered by Cameroon to the east, Nigeria to the west and Bioko island to the south east on the Gulf of Guinea.

Federal Republic Of Ambazonia
Amba Land
Coat of arms of Ambazonia
Coat of arms
Motto: One Nation One Destiny Under God
Anthem: Hail! Hail! Hail This Land of Glory
Location of Ambazonia
StatusUnrecognized state
Internationally recognized as part of Cameroon
Largest cityBamenda
Official languagesEnglish
Other languagesCameroonian Pidgin English, Grassfields languages, Oroko, Akoose, Kenyang
GovernmentFederal republic
• President
Sisiku Julius Ayuk Tabe
from Cameroon (declared)
• Total
43.700 km2 (16.873 sq mi)
• 2015 estimate
Driving sideright

Until 1961, Ambazonia was a British-controlled territory known as the Southern Cameroons, while the rest of Cameroon was French-controlled. At independence, a referendum was held and the voters of the Southern Cameroons chose to join Cameroon as a constituent state of a federal republic known as the Federal Republic of Cameroon. Over time, the power of the central government, dominated by French-speaking Cameroonians, has spread to the disadvantage of the region's autonomy. Many residents identify themselves as Anglophones and resent what they perceive as discrimination and the attempts of the Cameroonian government to eradicate Anglophone legal, administrative, educational and cultural institutions.

In 2016 and 2017, a demonstration was met with a violent government repression, which resulted in riots and violence against the security forces and, in 2017, a one-sided declaration of independence by the Ambazonian leadership.[1] The violence escalated into guerrilla warfare and, since 2021, clashes have continued, with population centres and strategic locations largely controlled by the government engaged in counterinsurgency actions, while large parts of more isolated rural areas are controlled by the separatists and used to launch guerrilla attacks. Ambazonian forces have found it difficult to form a united front, and internal conflicts have obstructed efforts to negotiate with Cameroon or to establish control over the various militias involved in the war.[2] Ongoing violence has led to widely reported human rights abuses by both sides, including indiscriminate killing of civilians, torture, rape and gender-based crimes, and unjustified detentions and kidnappings.[3]

Administrative structure change

Ambazonia is divided in 13 counties who each have their own capital [4] and 61 Local Government Areas (LGAs).

County Capital
Fako Victoria
Meme Kumba
Ndian Mundemba
Kupe-Manengouba Bangem
Lebialem Menji
Manyu Mamfe
Momo Mbengwi
Mezam Bamenda
Ngoketunjia Ndop
Bui Kumbo
Boyo Fundong
Menchum Wum
Donga Mantung Nkambe
  1. "Who are Cameroon's self-named Ambazonia secessionists?". DW. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 2020-01-07.
  2. Briefing: Cameroon's intensifying conflict and what it means for civilians, The New Humanitarian, 6 February 2020. Accessed 18 August 2021.
  3. "Cameroon: Events of 2019". HRW World Report 2020: Rights Trends in Cameroon. Human Rights Watch. 10 December 2019. Retrieved August 18, 2021. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  4. "Counties". AmbazoniaGov. Archived from the original on 2020-04-14. Retrieved 2022-01-07.