English-speaking world

countries and regions where English is everyday language and people (or peoples) who speak English
Nations in which English is an official language (de facto or de jure). Anglosphere countries are a subset of those where English is the main native language.      Anglosphere      Official as majority language      Official as minority language      Co-official as majority language      Co-official as minority language      Unofficial[needs to be explained]      Not official as majority language      Not official as minority language The term "majority language" is here defined as a language of which more than 50% of the population have some command. It does not mean that this command is native, nor that English is the most widely used language of the respective country.

Over two billion people speak English.[1][2] It is the largest language by number of speakers.[3] It is the third largest language by number of native speakers. What this mean is, English is the most widely spoken second language.

OverviewEdit

The United States of America is the largest English-speaking country, with 300 million native speakers. There are 60 million native speakers in the United Kingdom, 29 million in Canada, 25.1 million in Australia, 4.7 million in the Republic of Ireland, and 4.9 million in New Zealand.

In the European Union, English is one of 24 official languages and is widely used by institutions, and by almost all of the population as the native language in the United Kingdom and Ireland.[4] It is a second language in other member states.

Estimates that include second language speakers vary greatly, from 470 million to more than 2 billion. David Crystal calculates that, as of 2003, non-native speakers outnumbered native speakers by a ratio of 3 to 1.[1]p69 When combining native and non-native speakers, English is the most widely spoken language worldwide.

Besides the main dialects of English, countries such as South Africa, India, Nigeria, the Philippines, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago have millions of native speakers of dialect continua. These versions range from English-based creole languages to Standard English. Other countries such as Ghana and Uganda also use English as their primary official languages.

India now claims to be the world's second-largest English-speaking country. The most reliable estimate is about 10% of its population or 125 million people, second only to the US. It may be four times larger in the next decade from 2012.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Crystal, David. The language revolution. John Wiley & Sons, 2004".
  2. Crystal, David (2008). "Two thousand million?". English Today. 24: 3–6. doi:10.1017/S0266078408000023.
  3. "List of languages by total number of speakers, Ethnologue 2019".
  4. Though the Welsh language is spoken by about one-fifth of the people in Wales, they almost all speak English as well.
  5. BBC News 27 Nov 2012: English or Hinglish - which will India choose?