Auburn, Alabama

city in Lee County, Alabama, USA

Auburn is a city in Lee County, Alabama, United States. It is the largest city in eastern Alabama. In 2020, it had a population of 76,143.[2] It is a principal city of the Auburn-Opelika Metropolitan Area.

Auburn, Alabama
Auburn University
Auburn University
"The Loveliest Village On The Plains"
Location of Auburn in Lee County, Alabama.
Location of Auburn in Lee County, Alabama.
Auburn is located in Alabama
Coordinates: 32°35′52″N 85°28′51″W / 32.59778°N 85.48083°W / 32.59778; -85.48083
CountryUnited States
 • City62.07 sq mi (160.77 km2)
 • Land61.04 sq mi (158.09 km2)
 • Water1.03 sq mi (2.67 km2)
702 ft (214 m)
Highest elevation
846 ft (258 m)
Lowest elevation
387 ft (118 m)
 • City76,143
 • RankAL: 7th
 • Density1,247.41/sq mi (481.63/km2)
 • Metro
158,991 (US: 259th)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
36830–36832, 36849
Area code334
FIPS code01-03076
GNIS feature ID0113277

Auburn is a college town and is the home of Auburn University. Auburn is known for its fast growing during the last years. It is currently the fastest growing metropolitan area in Alabama. It is also the nineteenth-fastest growing metro area in the United States since 1990. Auburn is among the top ten list of best places to live in United States for the year 2009.[3] The city's unofficial nickname is “The Loveliest Village On The Plains”. This comes from a line in the poem “The Deserted Village” by Oliver Goldsmith: “Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain...”[4]

History change

Toomer’s Corner; Downtown Auburn, Alabama by night.

The first settlers arrived in the winter of 1836 from Harris County, Georgia. The leader of these settlers was the judge John J. Harper. They wanted to build a town that would be the religious and educational center for this area.

Auburn was firstly official mentioned on February 2, 1839. At this time it covered an area of 2 square miles (5.2 square kilometres). By that time, Methodist and Baptist churches and also a school were built. In the mid-1840s, different academies for boys and girls were founded in addition to the primary school. By 1858, of the about 1,000 free residents of Auburn, some 500 were students.

In 1856, the state legislature allowed to build a Methodist college, the East Alabama Male College in Auburn. This college, now Auburn University, opened its doors in 1859. It offered a classical and liberal education.

With the Civil War in 1861, Auburn quickly emptied. All of the schools and most businesses closed. Auburn was the site of a hospital for Texan Confederate soldiers.

After the Civil War, Auburn went in a long depression. Public schools did not reopen until the mid-1870s. Most businesses remained closed. A series of fires in the 1860s and 1870s burned down the downtown area. East Alabama Male College was turned over to the state in 1872.

In 1892, the college became the first four-year college in Alabama where women are allowed to study. This, combined with new funding businesses, allowed the city to start expanding again. By 1910, Auburn's population had returned to its pre-war level. SIAA Conference championships won by the Auburn college’s football team brought attention and support to Auburn. It helped fill the city's coffers.

Money began to flow into Auburn again with America's entry into World War II. Auburn’s campus was turned into a training ground for technical specialists in the armed forces. After the war, Auburn was flooded by soldiers returning to school on the G.I. Bill.

Because of this increase of students, Auburn began a period of growth that lasted through the 1950s and 1960s. Auburn grew outside of the original boundaries of the city. Auburn grew to an area of nearly 24 square miles (62 square kilometres). In 1957, the construction of Interstate 85 began. This connected Auburn to the major cities of the state. It allowed for Auburn University to schedule more home football games in Auburn. It also pushed the tourism sector in Auburn.

Growth slowed somewhat in the 1970s. A series of budget cuts made it clear that Auburn's economic concentration on Auburn University put the city in a bad position.

Downtown Auburn, Alabama.

A series of reports in the 1980s and 1990s made the Auburn public school system among the top in the state. Between 1980 and 2003, Auburn's population grew by 65%. Auburn's economy expanded by 220%. With growth came issues of urban sprawl. This has become the primary political issue in Auburn at the turn of the 21st century.

Geography change

The city of Auburn is in western Lee County. It borders the city of Opelika to the northeast and by Chambers County to the north. The city borders in south to the Macon County line.

Auburn is located at 32°35′52″N 85°28′51″W / 32.59778°N 85.48083°W / 32.59778; -85.48083 (32.597684, -85.480823).[5] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.6 square miles (103 square kilometres) in 2000, of which, 39.1 square miles (101 square kilometres) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 square kilometre) of it (1.11%) is water. The elevation of Auburn at City Hall is 709 ft (216 m) above sea level. Although because of Auburn’s topography, elevation ranges from 386 feet (118 metres) above sea level to 845 feet (258 metres) above sea level.

Law and Government change

Auburn has a council-manager government led by an eight-member city council, a mayor, and an appointed city manager.

The city council acts as the legislative part of the city. It passes laws, regulates and appoints citizens to the city's various boards, including the Auburn City Board of Education. Each member of the city council is elected for a four-year term from one of eight geographic areas. Area one1 is designed to ensure African-American representation on the council.

The mayor of Auburn is elected to a four-year term. The mayor has no administrative duties, as the City Manager serves as the CEO. As such, the position of mayor in Auburn is primarily symbolic.

The day-to-day operations of Auburn are run by the City Manager. The City Manager is responsible for the appointment and dismissal of all department heads. He advises the council on policy matters, creates and administers the city budget.

Economy change

Samford Hall, on the Auburn University campus.

Auburn's economy is centered around Auburn University and university-related services. Auburn University employs 4,300 people. This is about one-quarter of the city's total working population. In addition, 2,400 people are employed by the federal and state government. They are in positions which are generally connected with the university. Some 8,500 are employed in the local service sector.

Auburn's industrial base is built around mid-sized, high-tech manufacturing and research firms. Auburn has four technology parks. The main areas of industrial focus are on the manufacture of small engines and fuel cells. The 156-acre (0.63 km2) Auburn University Research Park is currently under construction. Overall, the manufacturing sector employs 5,000 people in Auburn.

References change

  1. "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Auburn city, Alabama". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  3. "Best Places to Live 2009".
  4. "oliver smith poem".
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31.