Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad also known as Aurangzeb or by his title Alamgir  was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire. He ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent through Islamic Sharia. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. During this time, Aurangzeb greatly expanded the territory of the Mughal Empire. He was constantly at war. Victories in the south expanded the Empire to more than 4 million square kilometres. His empire was the world's largest economy, valued 27% of world's GDP. He was the last great and powerful ruler of the Mughal dynasty. After his death, the power of the Mughal Empire declined quickly. The administrator of Mughal Kingdom support and grow this dynasty.
Aurangzeb reading the Quran.
|6th Mughal Emperor|
|Reign||31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707|
|Coronation||15 June 1659|
|Successor||Muhammad Azam Shah|
|Born||(N.S.)4 November 1618 |
Dahod, Mughal Empire
|Died||3 March 1707 (aged 88)|
His full name was Abdul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb. His imperial title was Alamgir.
He reintroduced the practice of Jaziya (which is 2.5 percent of an individual's annual savings) and banned the old Hindu practice of suttee. He banned the consumption of alcohol and singing in court.
He was popular with traders as he abolished local taxes.
- Thackeray, Frank W.; editors, John E. Findling (2012). Events that formed the modern world : from the European Renaissance through the War on Terror. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 248. ISBN 9781598849011.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Dictionary of Wars. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. 2013. p. 387. ISBN 9781135954949.
- Brown, Katherine Butler (January 2007). "Did Aurangzeb Ban Music? Questions for the Historiography of his Reign". Modern Asian Studies. 41 (1): 79. doi:10.1017/S0026749X05002313.
- "Aurangzeb". History & Information. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
Media related to Aurangzeb at Wikimedia Commons
AurangzebBorn: 4 November 1618 Died: 3 March 1707
| Mughal Emperor
Bahadur Shah I