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Bautzen ([ˈbautsn̩] , Upper Sorbian: Budyšin, Lower Sorbian: Budyšyn [ˈbudɨʃɨn]; Polish: Budziszyn) is a city in eastern Saxony, Germany, and capital of the Bautzen Rural District. It is on the Spree River.

Bautzen

Bautzen/Budyšin
City Bautzen Germany 104.JPG
Coat of arms of Bautzen
Coat of arms
Location of Bautzen within Bautzen district
Bautzen in BZ.svg
Bautzen is located in Germany
Bautzen
Bautzen
Bautzen is located in Saxony
Bautzen
Bautzen
Coordinates: 51°10′53″N 14°25′27″E / 51.18139°N 14.42417°E / 51.18139; 14.42417Coordinates: 51°10′53″N 14°25′27″E / 51.18139°N 14.42417°E / 51.18139; 14.42417
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictBautzen
Government
 • MayorAlexander Ahrens (none)
Area
 • Total66.67 km2 (25.74 sq mi)
Elevation
204 m (669 ft)
Population
 (2016-12-31)[2]
 • Total39,963
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
02625
Dialling codes03591
Vehicle registrationBZ, BIW, HY, KM
Websitewww.bautzen.de

In 2005, 42,189 people lived in Bautzen. Asteroid 11580 Bautzen is named in honour of the city.

Bautzen is historical capital of Upper Lusatia, and it is the most important cultural centre of the Sorbs, a Slavic minority.

During World War II and the Nazi era, there was a subcamp of the Groß-Rosen concentration camp in Bautzen. Ernst Thälmann was imprisoned there before being deported to Buchenwald.

After the war Bautzen was well known in the German Democratic Republic because of its prison. Bautzen I was used as an official prison, Bautzen II was a secret prison for prisoners of conscience (people arrested for their political beliefs, not because of an ordinary crime). Bautzen I is still used as a prison, and Bautzen II has been a memorial since 1993.

In 2002 the city commemorated its thousandth birthday.

Twin citiesEdit

 
Reichenturm tower

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2016] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016.

Other websitesEdit