city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Bochum (/ˈbxʊm/ BOHKH-uum, also US: /-əm/ --əm,[3][4][5][6] German: [ˈboːxʊm] (About this soundlisten); Westphalian: Baukem, Low Franconian: Boochem, Old Saxon: Bochem) is a city in the Ruhr area of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It is part of the Arnsberg Government Region.


Baukem  (Westphalian)
Boochem (Low Franconian)
Bochem (Old Saxon)
Bochum 080814 023 30.jpg
Schauspielhaus Bochum, Nachtaufnahme.JPGKammerspiele Bochum.JPG
Bochum Skyline, German Mining Museum, Zeiss Planetarium Bochum, Schauspielhaus Bochum, Bochum Kammerspiele
Flag of Bochum
Coat of arms of Bochum
Coat of arms
Location of Bochum
Bochum is located in Germany
Bochum is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 51°28′55″N 07°12′57″E / 51.48194°N 7.21583°E / 51.48194; 7.21583Coordinates: 51°28′55″N 07°12′57″E / 51.48194°N 7.21583°E / 51.48194; 7.21583
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictUrban district
 • MayorThomas Eiskirch (SPD)
 • Total145.66 km2 (56.24 sq mi)
 • Total364,920
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes0234, 02327
Vehicle registrationBO, WAT

Bochum has about 380,000 inhabitants. The city is formed by the traditional industry of coal mining in the Ruhr area, but today there is no mining in Bochum anymore.


Today the most important institution in Bochum is the Ruhr-University Bochum, one of the biggest German universities. It has an extremely wide spectrum of subjects, beginning with mathematics and science, social sciences, economy, engineering, laws, philosophy, historical subjects, theology, medicine, and languages even including Chinese and Polish.


Bochum has a rich cultural life and its theatre is one of the most prominent in Germany. Next to Bochum are the cities Essen and Hattingen.


  1. "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Bochum". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  4. "Bochum". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  5. "Bochum" (US) and "Bochum". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. no-break space character in |work= at position 9 (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Bochum". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 18 April 2019.