2018 Brazilian general election

Election in Brazil

General elections were held in Brazil on 7 October 2018 to elect the President and Vice President and other political figures in the nation.

2018 Brazilian general election

← 2014 7 October 2018 (2018-10-07) (first round)
28 October 2018 (2018-10-28) (second round)
2022 →
Opinion polls
Turnout79.67% (first round)
78.7% (second round)[1]
Presidential election
Candidate Jair Bolsonaro Fernando Haddad[a]
Party PSL PT
Alliance Brazil Above Everything, God Above Everyone The People Happy Again
Home state Rio de Janeiro[b] São Paulo
Running mate Hamilton Mourão Manuela d'Ávila
States carried 15 + DF 11
Popular vote 57,797,847 47,040,906
Percentage 55.13% 44.87%

Map of results for each State and the Federal District.

President before election

Michel Temer

Elected President

Jair Bolsonaro

Parliamentary election

Party Leader % Seats ±
Chamber of Deputies
PSL Eduardo Bolsonaro 11.7% 52
PT Paulo Pimenta 10.3% 56
PSDB Carlos Sampaio 6.0% 29
PSD Domingos Neto 5.8% 34
PP Arthur Lira 5.6% 38
PMDB Baleia Rossi 5.5% 34
PSB Tadeu Alencar 5.5% 32
PR José Rocha 5.3% 33
PRB Jhonatan de Jesus 5.1% 30
DEM Elmar Nascimento 4.7% 29
PDT André Figueiredo 4.6% 28
Federal Senate
PT Lindbergh Farias 14.5% 6
PSDB Paulo Bauer 11.9% 8
PMDB Simone Tebet 7.5% 12
DEM Ronaldo Caiado 5.4% 6
PSD Omar Aziz 4.8% 7
PP Ana Amélia Lemos 4.4% 6
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Second round results
First round results

The first round of the presidential election was held on 7 October 2018. Jair Bolsonaro won 46% of the vote with Fernando Haddad winning 29.3%. Since no candidate won more than 50% of the vote, a second round was held on 28 October 2018 with Bolsonaro being elected president.

Background change

The 2014 elections Dilma Rousseff re-elected as president in the second round with 51.6% of the vote.[3]

However, on 3 December 2015, impeachment process against Rousseff were officially accepted by the Chamber of Deputies.[4] Vice President Michel Temer, of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, became Acting President of Brazil.[5][6] On 31 August 2016, the Senate voted 61–20 in favor of impeachment, finding Rousseff guilty of breaking budgetary laws and removing her from office.[7][8] Vice President Temer replaced Rousseff as the 37th President of Brazil.

Suspensions change

Even though current President Temer said he would not run, he received an eight-year ban from holding office on 2 June 2016 for violating election laws.[9]

Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva said he would run for the presidency again, but was arrested for money laundering and found guilty. On August 1, 2018, the Higher Electoral Court Minister, Luiz Fux, confirmed the decision that the former president Lula is ineligible to run for elections in 2018.[10]

Candidates change

Second round change

The following candidates advanced to the second round as they were placed in the top two candidates following the voting:

Defeated in first round change

The following candidates were eliminated in the first round of the election as they were placed third or lower in the final votes:

Opinion polling change

First round change

Second round change

Results change

Second round change

Candidate Party Running mate Party Votes %
Jair Bolsonaro PSL Hamilton Mourão PRTB 53,967,344 55.6
Fernando Haddad PT Manuela d'Ávila PCdoB 43,047,628 44.4

First round change

Candidate Party Running mate Party Votes %
Jair Bolsonaro Social Liberal Party Hamilton Mourão Brazilian Labour Renewal Party 49,184,240 46.1
Fernando Haddad Workers' Party Manuela d'Ávila Communist Party of Brazil 31,058,828 29.1
Ciro Gomes Democratic Labor Party Kátia Abreu Democratic Labor Party 13,311,642 12.5
Geraldo Alckmin Brazilian Social Democracy Party Ana Amélia Progressistas 5,083,445 4.8
João Amoêdo New Party Christian Lohbauer New Party 2,676,840 2.5
Cabo Daciolo Patriota Suelene Balduino Patriota 1,343,944 1.3
Henrique Meirelles Brazilian Democratic Movement Germano Rigotto Brazilian Democratic Movement 1,284,796 1.2
Marina Silva Sustainability Network Eduardo Jorge Green Party 1,066,893 1.0
Álvaro Dias Podemos Paulo Rabello de Castro Social Christian Party 858,693 0.8
Guilherme Boulos Socialism and Liberty Party Sônia Guajajara Socialism and Liberty Party 615,924 0.6
Vera Lúcia United Socialist Workers' Party Hertz Dias United Socialist Workers' Party 55,620 0.1
José Maria Eymael Christian Democracy Hélvio Costa Christian Democracy 41,615 0.1
João Vicente Goulart Free Homeland Party Léo Dias Free Homeland Party 30,081 0.1
Invalid/blank votes N/A
Total 106,612,561 100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: TSE via Reuters

Notes change

  1. The original candidate Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva was barred from running by the Superior Electoral Court on 31 August 2018, in accordance with the Clean Slate law.[2]
  2. Born in São Paulo, electoral based in Rio de Janeiro
  3. Temer regardless said he had no plans to run

References change

  1. "Disclosure of Election Results". Superior Electoral Court. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  2. News, ABC. "International News: Latest Headlines, Video and Photographs from Around the World -- People, Places, Crisis, Conflict, Culture, Change, Analysis and Trends". ABC News. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  3. Brazil keen to open trade talks with UK Financial Times, 22 July 2016
  4. Jonathan Watts. "Brazil opens impeachment proceedings against president Dilma Rousseff". The Guardian.
  5. "Brazil's Senate Votes to Impeach President Dilma Rousseff". NBC News. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  6. "Afastada, Dilma mantém salário, Alvorada, avião e assessores". Congresso em Foco (in Portuguese).
  7. CNN, Catherine E. Shoichet and Euan McKirdy. "Brazil's Senate ousts Rousseff in impeachment vote". CNN. Retrieved 31 August 2016. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  8. "Brazil President Dilma Rousseff removed from office by Senate". BBC News. September 1, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  9. Greenwald, Glenn (3 June 2016). "Credibility of Brazil's Interim President Collapses as He Receives 8-Year Ban on Running for Office". The Intercept. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  10. Oliveira, Mariana (2018-08-01). "Ministro Luiz Fux afirma em decisão que Lula é inelegível". G1. Retrieved 2018-08-02.

Other websites change