Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a former administrative region of France. It is now part of the administrative region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. It was also a historic region in eastern France. The French adjective and name of the inhabitants of the region is Bourguignon.
|Area||31,582 km² (12,194 sq mi) |
|Population||1,641,130 (2012) |
|Density||52 /km² (135 /sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Website: Burgundy Region|
With over 31,500 square kilometres (12,200 sq mi), it is one of the largest region of France. It covers about 6% of the territory of the country.
Burgundy was named for the Germanic Burgundian tribe who moved there from an island in the Baltic Sea. They moved when the Roman Empire fell apart to set up a kingdom with its own laws. This included part of what is now Switzerland.
During the Middle Ages, Burgundy was ruled by dukes. In the 15th century it was very powerful. The dukes ruled lands as far north as the Netherlands. After Duke Charles the Bold died when he wanted to conquer the city of Nancy in 1477, France took southern Burgundy. It was a province until 1790. The House of Habsburg got the northern part.
The Burgundy region is one of the largest regions of Metropolitan France. It has an area of 31,582 km2 (12,194 sq mi). It bordered with five other regions: Champagne-Ardenne to the north, Franche-Comté to the east, Rhône-Alpes to the southeast, Auvergne to the southwest, Centre-Val de Loire to the west and Île-de-France to the north.
Most of the territory of Burgundy is occupied by a plateau of low hills (the Burgundy Hills) surrounded by valleys of the main rivers. The valley of the Yonne river and its tributaries is to the north of the region. To the southeast is the valley of the Saône river.
In the centre of the plateau (and of the region), there is a group of low mountains: the Morvan. The highest point in Burgundy, the Haut-Folin ( ), is in these mountains, in the Saône-et-Loire department. It is 901 m (2,956 ft) high.
The climate of Burgundy is an oceanic climate with temperate summers, "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.
The Burgundy region is formed by four departments:
The Burgundy region has a population, in 2012, of 1,641,130, for a population density of 52.0 inhabitants/km2.
The ten main cities in the region are:
The region is known for its wines, both red and white. Many well-known wines, such as Macon and Beaujolais, were first made here. A few wines are also the 'Arbois'-type. Arbois wines are between red and white and almost yellow in colour.
- "Circonscriptions administratives au 1er janvier 2014". Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- "Populations légales 2012 des régions" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- "France: Bourgogne [Burgundy]". City Population. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- "Haut Folin, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 April 2015.