Emperor Jomei (舒明天皇 Jomei-tennō, 593 – 641) was the 34th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign started in 629 and ended in 641. Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Jomei to be possibly legendary, but probable. The name Jomei-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.
|Emperor of Japan|
|Emperor of Japan|
|Died||November 17, 641 (aged 49)|
Kudara no Miya
Osaka no uchi no misasagi (Nara)
Events in Jomei's reignEdit
Suiko did not make it clear who was to succeed her after her death.
- 628: In the 35th year of Empress Suiko's reign, she abdicated her nephew succeeded her. He became known as Emperor Jomei. The succession was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 639: In the 10 year of Jomei, former Empress Suiko died.
Jomei's reign lasted 13 years.
After his deathEdit
The actual place of Jomei's grave is known. This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Nara. The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Jomei's mausoleum. It is formally named Osaka no uchi no misasagi.
Some short poems are believed to have been written by Emperor Jomei. For example,
- Countless are the mountains in Yamato,
- But perfect is the heavenly hill of Kagu;
- When I climb it and survey my realm,
- Over the wide plain the smoke-wreaths rise and rise,
- Over the wide lake the gulls are on the wing;
- A beautiful land it is, the land of Yamato!
- -- Emperor Jomei
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 斉明天皇 (34)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 48.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 42-43; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp.263; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 129-130; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963..
- Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-18.
- Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
- Varley, p. 129.
- Titsingh, p. 42; Brown, p. 264; Varley, p. 130.
- Varley, p. 44; compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Nussbaurm, "Suiko Tennō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 910.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
- Nippon Gakujutsu Shinkokai. (1969). "Climbing Kagu-yama and looking upon the land" in The Manyōshū, p. 3.