Empress Suiko (推古天皇 Suiko-tennō) (554–628) was the 33rd Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Her reign started in 593 and ended in 628. Historians consider details about the life of Empress Suiko to be possibly legendary, but probable. The name Suiko-tennō was created for her posthumously by later generations.
|Empress of Japan|
|Reign||593–15 April 628|
Shinaga no Yamada no misasagi (Osaka)
In the history of Japan, Suiko was the first of eight women to be empress. The seven others were: (a) Kōgyoku/Saimei, (b) Jitō, (c) Gemmei, (d) Genshō, (e) Kōken/Shōtoku, (f) Meishō, and (g) Go-Sakuramachi.
Suiko was also a wife of Emperor Bidatsu.
Events of Suiko's lifeEdit
When Suiko became empress, she ended a power struggle for the throne after the deaths of emperors who were her brothers.
- 593 : In the 2nd year of Emperor Sushun's reign, he died. The next monarch was his half-sister who became known as Empress Suiko. This succession was confirmed in ceremonies.
Prince Shōtoku was the most important man in Suko's court.
The reign of this empress was marked by the opening of relations with the Sui court in 600.
- 604: In the 12 year of Suiko's reign (the Suiko period), Japan organized its earliest Imperial calendar.
Suiko ruled for 35 years. She abdicated in 628.
After her deathEdit
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 推古天皇 (33)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 48.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 39-42; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 263-264; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 126-129; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
- Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-18.
- Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
- Titsingh, p. 39; Brown, pp. 263-264; Varley, p. 126-127.
- Varley, p. 44; compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 62-63.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jikkan Jūnishi" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 420.
- National Diet Library (NDL), "The Japanese Calendar", "Calendar history/The Source"; NengoCalc, "(596) 推古 Suiko"; online conversion of Japanese dates into their Western equivalents. based on tables from Paul Yachita Tsuchihashi. (1952). Japanese Chronological Tables from 601 to 1872 A. D. (邦暦西暦対照表) and Reinhard Zöllner (2003), Japanische Zeitrechnung; retrieved 2012-11-14.
- Nussbaurm, "Suiko Tennō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 910.
- Aston, William George. (1895), Nihongi, p. 121.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.