Emperor Junna

Emperor of Japan

Emperor Junna (淳和天皇, Junna-tennō, 786 – 11 June 840) was the 53rd emperor of Japan,[2] according to the traditional order of succession.[3] His reign started in 823 and ended in 833.[4]

Emperor of Japan
Died11 June 840 (age 55)
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Ōharano no nishi no minenoe no misasagi (Kyoto)

Traditional history


Before he became the monarch, this prince's personal name (imina) was Ōtomo (大伴).[5]

Junna had six Empresses and Imperial consorts and 13 Imperial sons and daughters.[6]

Events of Junna's life


Junna was Crown Prince for 13 years.

  • 810 (Kōnin 1): Prince Ōtomo was named the heir of Emperor Saga at 25 years of age.[6]
  • 30 May 823 (Kōnin 14, 17th day of the 4th month): In the 14th year of Emperor Saga's reign, the monarch abdicated. The succession (senso) was received by Prince Ōtomo, who was Saga's younger brother. Soon afterwards, the prince is said to have said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[7] This was confirmed in ceremonies.[8]
  • 22 March 833 (Tenchō 10, 28th day of the 2nd month): In the 10th year of Emperor Junna's reign, he abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by a his adopted son, who would be known as Emperor Ninmyō.[7]
  • 11 June 840 (Jōwa 7, 8th day of the 5th month): Former-Emperor Junna died at the age of 55.[9]

After his death


According to the Imperial Household Agency, the mausoleum (misasagi) of Junna is in Nishikyō-ku, Kyoto. The emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine at this location.[2]

Eras of reign


The years of Junna's reign are identified by more than one era name (nengō).[10]



The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family
  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Junna Tennō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 437.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 淳和天皇 (53); retrieved 2011-10-25.
  3. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 64.
  4. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 102-106; Brown, Delmer M. et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 282-283; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 164;
  5. Titsingh, p. 103; Brown, p. 282.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Brown, p. 282.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Brown, pp. 282-283.
  8. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
  9. Brown, p. 283; Varely, p. 164.
  10. Titsingh, p. 102.
Preceded by
Emperor Saga
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Ninmyō