Emperor Ninmyō (仁明天皇, Ninmyō-tennō, 810-6 May 850) was the 54th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign started in 833 and ended in 850.
|Emperor of Japan|
|Died||6 May 850|
Fukakusa no misasagi (Kyoto)
Before he became the monarch, this prince's personal name (imina) was Masara (正良).
Ninmyō was the second son of Emperor Saga and the Empress Tachibana no Kachiko.
Ninmyō had nine Empresses, Imperial consorts, and concubines (kōi); and he had 24 Imperial sons and daughters.
Events of Ninmyō's lifeEdit
Ninmyō was Crown Prince for 10 years.
- 6 January 823 (Kōnin 10, 4th month, 19th day): At age 14, Prince Masara is named Junna's heir.
- 22 March 833 (Tenchō 10, 28th day of the 2nd month): In the 10th year of Emperor Junna's reign, the emperor abdicated. The succession (senso) was received by his adopted son. Masara-shinnō was the natural son of Emperor Saga, and therefore would have been Junna's nephew. Soon afterwards, Emperor Ninmyo is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 838-839 (Jōwa 5-6): Diplomatic mission to Tang China headed by Fujiwara no Tsunetsugu.
After his deathEdit
Emperor Ninmyō is traditionally venerated at his tomb; the Imperial Household Agency designates Fukakusa Imperial Mausoleum (深草陵, Fukakusa no Misasagi), in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, as the location of Ninmyō's mausoleum.
Ninmyō was sometimes posthumously referred to as "the Emperor of Fukakusa," because that was the location of his tomb.
Eras of reignEdit
The years of Ninmyō's reign are identified by more than one era name (nengō).
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 仁明天皇 (54); retrieved 2011-10-26.
- ↑ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 64-65.
- ↑ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 106-112; Brown, Delmer M. et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 283-284; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 164-165;
- ↑ Brown, p. 282; Varley, p. 164.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Brown, p. 283.
- ↑ Titsingh, p. 106; Brown, p. 283.
- ↑ Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
- ↑ Sansom, George Bailey. (1958). A History of Japan to 1334, pp. 134-135; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fujiwara no Tsunetsugu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 211.
- ↑ Adolphson, Mikael et al. (2007). Heian Japan, centers and peripheries, p. 23; Brown, p. 284
- ↑ Brown, p. 284; Varley, p. 165.
- ↑ Titsingh, p. 106.
- Hokusai: Poem #12, image of ceremonial event in Ninmyō's court Archived 2008-04-12 at the Wayback Machine
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