Imperial Russian Navy

navy of the Russian Empire

The Imperial Russian Navy (in Russian: Российский императорский флот) was the navy of the Russian Empire (and its predecessor: Tsardom of Russia), from 1696 until the start of the Russian Revolution in 1917.

Imperial Russian Navy
Российский императорский флот
Знак на кивера Гвардейского флотского экипажа.jpg
Emblem of the Imperial Russian Navy
Founded1696
Disbanded1917
Country Tsardom of Russia
 Russian Empire
Allegiance Tsar of Russia
TypeNavy
PatronSaint Nicholas the Wonderworker
Engagements Russo-Turkish War of 1686–1700

Great Northern War
Russo-Persian War of 1722–23
Russo-Swedish War of 1741–1743
Seven Years' War
Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74
Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790
Russo-Turkish War of 1787–92
Napoleonic Wars
Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29
Crimean War
Russo-Japanese War
World War I

Russian Civil War
Commanders
Commander-in-chiefRussian Emperor
Minister of the NavySee list
Notable
commanders
Peter the Great

Fyodor Apraksin
Grigory Spiridov
Samuel Greig
Vasily Chichagov
Fyodor Ushakov
Dmitry Senyavin
Ivan Krusenstern
Mikhail Lazarev
Pavel Nakhimov
Vladimir Kornilov
Vladimir Istomin
Vasily Zavoyko
Gennady Nevelskoy
Stepan Makarov
Ivan Grigorovich
Nikolay Essen

Alexander Kolchak
Insignia
EnsignNaval ensign of Russia.svg
JackNaval Jack of Russia.svg
PennantOrdinary captain's pennant of Russia 1720-1870.png

HistoryEdit

 
Frigate Oryol in Soviet Stamp.
 
Goto Predestinacia (flagship of Oryol Flotilla).

It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great. This was due to the fact that Russia did not have naval forces[1] and the inexperience of its inhabitants in naval architecture, after a visit to Amsterdam, Tsar Peter would learn naval construction in detail, the first ship would be the Frigate Oryol (Eagle in English), after the victory against the Ottomans in Azov, the Black Sea Fleet would be created, over time the Fleet would grow. In 1740 the Baltic Fleet based in St. Petersburg would be founded after several victories against the Swedish Fleet. This was during the Russo-Turkish Wars the Black Sea Fleet would be the main fleet against the Ottoman Influence in this Sea. Near the end of the 1700s, the Caspian, White Sea and Okhotsk Flotillas would be created.[2]

 
Battle of Russian Frigate Vladimir and Ottoman Frigate Pervaz-i Bahri.
 
Headquarters of Imperial Russian Navy in St. Petersburg.

BattlesEdit

The Russians would also make Circumnavigation trips,[3] from the Pacific Coast of Russia to the north of the Hawaiian Islands, They would participate in the Napoleonic Wars against the Ottoman Navy, During the Crimean War, they would suffer a serious defeat against the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France and Sardinia,[4] then over time the fleet would increase in naval size becoming one of the largest existing fleets, During the War Against Japan, they would suffer a serious defeat which would make Russia look like a less strong country From what it appeared to be, the fleet would finally be dissolved after the Russian Revolution where it would be succeeded by the Soviet Navy in 1920.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Cracraft 2009, p. 47.
  2. "History: Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation". eng.mil.ru. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  3. Norman E. Saul, Richard D. McKinzie. Russian-American Dialogue on Cultural Relations, 1776-1914 p 95. ISBN 0-8262-1097-X, 9780826210975
  4. Grant p. 12, 13, 15, etc. continuous throughout the book

Other websitesEdit