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Independence, Missouri

county seat of Jackson County, Missouri, United States

Independence is a city in the northwest part of the US state of Missouri, not far from Kansas City. In 2010, about 116,830 people lived there.

Independence, Missouri
Jackson County Courthouse in Independence
Jackson County Courthouse in Independence
Location of Independence, Missouri
Location of Independence, Missouri
Coordinates: 39°4′47″N 94°24′24″W / 39.07972°N 94.40667°W / 39.07972; -94.40667Coordinates: 39°4′47″N 94°24′24″W / 39.07972°N 94.40667°W / 39.07972; -94.40667
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountiesJackson
FoundedMarch 29, 1827
Government
 • MayorEileen Weir
Area
 • Total78.25 sq mi (202.67 km2)
 • Land77.57 sq mi (200.91 km2)
 • Water0.68 sq mi (1.76 km2)
Elevation
1,033 ft (315 m)
Population
 • Total116,830
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
117,306
 • Density1,500/sq mi (580/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
64050-64057
Area code(s)816
FIPS code29-35000[4]
GNIS feature ID0735664[5]
WebsiteCity of Independence

Contents

HistoryEdit

Independence was created on March 28, 1827.[6] It was an important place for the Oregon Trail. This is because the trail started here.

Independence had two battles in the American Civil War. One is the on August 11, 1862. The other is the on October 21-22, 1864.

President Harry S. Truman lived in Independence for a long time. The Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum is in Independence.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Independence
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 36
(2)
43
(6)
54
(12)
64
(18)
74
(23)
83
(28)
87
(31)
87
(31)
79
(26)
67
(19)
52
(11)
40
(4)
64
(18)
Average low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
23
(−5)
31
(−1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
62
(17)
67
(19)
65
(18)
56
(13)
46
(8)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
43
(6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.43
(36)
1.57
(40)
2.95
(75)
4.14
(105)
5.09
(129)
5.15
(131)
4.61
(117)
4.73
(120)
5.10
(130)
3.37
(86)
3.02
(77)
1.98
(50)
43.14
(1,096)
[source?]

PeopleEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
18603,164
18703,1840.6%
18803,146−1.2%
18906,380102.8%
19006,9749.3%
19109,85941.4%
192011,68618.5%
193015,29630.9%
194016,0665.0%
195036,963130.1%
196062,32868.6%
1970111,63079.1%
1980111,8060.2%
1990112,2950.4%
2000113,2880.9%
2010116,8303.1%
Est. 2017117,306[3]3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2017 Estimate[3]

2010 CensusEdit

In 2010, there were 116,830 people, 48,742 households, and 30,165 families living in Independence.[2] The people were 85.7% White, 5.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. 7.7% of the people were Hispanic or Latino.

23% of the people were under 18 years old; 8.6% of the people were between 18 and 24 years old; 24.9% of the people were between 25 and 44 years old; 27.4% of the people were between 45 and 64 years old; 16.1% were 65 years old or older. 52% of the people were women, and 48% of the people were men.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "City and Town Population Totals: 2010-2017". Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 177.
  7. United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2014.