List of counties in Missouri

Wikimedia list article

There are 114 counties and one independent city in the U.S. state of Missouri.

In Missouri, the county level of government level comes between those of the city and the state. Its main responsibilities include maintaining roads, providing security, prosecuting criminals, and collecting taxes. Elected officials at this level include a sheriff, prosecuting attorney, and assessor.[1]

The city of St. Louis is an independent city, and is not within the limits of a county. Its residents voted to secede from Saint Louis County in 1876. Throughout the United States, St. Louis is one of three independent cities outside the state of Virginia (the other two are Baltimore, Maryland and Carson City, Nevada).[2]

Counties change

FIPS code[3] County seat[4] Established[4] Formed from[5] Meaning of name[5][6][7] Population
Area[4] Map
Adair County 001 Kirksville 1841 Macon County John Adair (1757–1840), pioneer, soldier, and seventh Governor of Kentucky 25,314 568 sq mi
(1,471 km2)
Andrew County 003 Savannah 1841 Part of the Platte Purchase Andrew Jackson Davis (1826–1910), spiritualist and missionary who settled in St. Louis 18,135 435 sq mi
(1,127 km2)
Atchison County 005 Rock Port 1843 Holt County, part of the Platte Purchase U.S. Senator David Rice Atchison (1807–1886), a Democrat from Missouri 5,305 545 sq mi
(1,412 km2)
Audrain County 007 Mexico 1831 Callaway, Monroe and Ralls counties James H. Audrain, a War of 1812 colonel Missouri State Legislator 24,962 693 sq mi
(1,795 km2)
Barry County 009 Cassville 1835 Greene County William Taylor Barry (1784–1835), jurist and United States Postmaster General 34,534 779 sq mi
(2,018 km2)
Barton County 011 Lamar 1855 Jasper County U.S. Senator David Barton (1783–1837), one of the first senators from Missouri 11,637 594 sq mi
(1,538 km2)
Bates County 013 Butler 1841 Van Buren (now Cass) County Frederick Bates (1777–1825), the second governor of Missouri 16,042 848 sq mi
(2,196 km2)
Benton County 015 Warsaw 1835 Pettis and Greene counties Thomas Hart Benton (1782–1858), U.S. Senator from Missouri 19,394 706 sq mi
(1,829 km2)
Bollinger County 017 Marble Hill 1851 Cape Girardeau, Madison, Stoddard and Wayne counties George Frederick Bollinger (1770–1842), early settler of Missouri 10,567 621 sq mi
(1,608 km2)
Boone County 019 Columbia 1820 Howard County Daniel Boone (1734–1820), American pioneer and hunter 183,610 685 sq mi
(1,774 km2)
Buchanan County 021 Saint Joseph 1838 Part of the Platte Purchase James Buchanan (1791–1868), 15th President of the United States 84,793 410 sq mi
(1,062 km2)
Butler County 023 Poplar Bluff 1849 Wayne County William O. Butler (1791–1880), U.S. Representative from Kentucky and vice-presidential nominee under Lewis Cass 42,130 698 sq mi
(1,808 km2)
Caldwell County 025 Kingston 1836 Ray County Disputed; either John Caldwell, an Indian scout and friend of respected Colonel Alexander William Doniphan; John Caldwell, Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky; or Mathew Caldwell, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence 8,815 429 sq mi
(1,111 km2)
Callaway County 027 Fulton 1821 Boone, Howard and Montgomery counties James Callaway (1783–1815), soldier during the War of 1812 and grandson of Daniel Boone 44,283 839 sq mi
(2,173 km2)
Camden County 029 Camdenton 1841 Benton, Morgan and Pulaski counties Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden (1714–1794), an English lawyer, judge, Whig politician, and proponent of civil liberties 42,745 655 sq mi
(1,696 km2)
Cape Girardeau County 031 Jackson 1812 One of the five original counties Ensign Sieur Jean Baptiste de Girardot, a French officer and early explorer of the region 81,710 579 sq mi
(1,500 km2)
Carroll County 033 Carrollton 1833 Ray County Charles Carroll (1737–1832), delegate to the Continental Congress and U.S. Senator for Maryland 8,495 695 sq mi
(1,800 km2)
Carter County 035 Van Buren 1859 Oregon, Reynolds, Ripley and Shannon counties Zimri Carter, pioneering settler 5,202 508 sq mi
(1,316 km2)
Cass County 037 Harrisonville 1833 Jackson County Lewis Cass (1782–1866), senator from Michigan 107,824 699 sq mi
(1,810 km2)
Cedar County 039 Stockton 1845 Dade and St. Clair counties Named for the abundance of Eastern Red Cedar trees 14,188 476 sq mi
(1,233 km2)
Chariton County 041 Keytesville 1821 Howard County Chariton River, a tributary of the Missouri River, whose naming origin is disputed 7,408 756 sq mi
(1,958 km2)
Christian County 043 Ozark 1859 Greene, Taney and Webster counties William Christian (1743–1786), colonel in the American Revolution 88,842 563 sq mi
(1,458 km2)
Clark County 045 Kahoka 1836 Lewis County William Clark (1770–1838), American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor 6,634 507 sq mi
(1,313 km2)
Clay County 047 Liberty 1822 Ray County Henry Clay (1777–1852), American Senator and orator from Kentucky 253,335 396 sq mi
(1,026 km2)
Clinton County 049 Plattsburg 1833 Clay County George Clinton (1739–1812), soldier and Governor of New York, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States 21,184 419 sq mi
(1,085 km2)
Cole County 051 Jefferson City 1820 Cooper County Stephen Cole, pioneering settler 77,279 392 sq mi
(1,015 km2)
Cooper County 053 Boonville 1818 Howard County Sarshel Benjamin Cooper, pioneering settler 17,103 565 sq mi
(1,463 km2)
Crawford County 055 Steelville 1829 Gasconade County William H. Crawford (1772–1834), U.S. Senator from Georgia, U.S. Secretary of Treasury, and judge 23,056 743 sq mi
(1,924 km2)
Dade County 057 Greenfield 1841 Barry and Polk counties Major Francis L. Dade (1793?–1835), Major in the U.S. 4th Infantry Regiment, United States Army, during the Second Seminole War 7,569 490 sq mi
(1,269 km2)
Dallas County 059 Buffalo 1841 Polk County George M. Dallas (1792–1864), U.S. Vice President under James K. Polk 17,071 542 sq mi
(1,404 km2)
Daviess County 061 Gallatin 1836 Ray County Joseph Hamilton Daveiss (1774–1811), commanded the Dragoons of the Indiana Militia at the Battle of Tippecanoe 8,430 567 sq mi
(1,469 km2)
DeKalb County 063 Maysville 1843 Clinton County Johann de Kalb (1721–1780), a German soldier who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War 11,029 424 sq mi
(1,098 km2)
Dent County 065 Salem 1851 Crawford and Shannon counties James Dent, pioneering settler 14,421 754 sq mi
(1,953 km2)
Douglas County 067 Ava 1857 Ozark County Stephen A. Douglas (1813–1861), American Senator from Illinois, and the Democratic nominee for President in 1860 11,578 815 sq mi
(2,111 km2)
Dunklin County 069 Kennett 1843 Stoddard County Daniel Dunklin (1790–1844), fifth governor of Missouri 28,283 546 sq mi
(1,414 km2)
Franklin County 071 Union 1818 St. Louis County Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), writer, publisher, orator, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States 104,682 922 sq mi
(2,388 km2)
Gasconade County 073 Hermann 1821 Franklin County Gasconade River, a tributary of the Missouri River; the river probably derives its name from the French word "gascon" which means braggart, and could be an old satirical name describing those who boast about their adventures upon return to St. Louis 14,794 520 sq mi
(1,347 km2)
Gentry County 075 Albany 1841 Clinton County Richard Gentry (1788–1837), a distinguished American military colonel in the Seminole Wars 6,162 492 sq mi
(1,274 km2)
Greene County 077 Springfield 1833 Crawford and Wayne counties Nathanael Greene (1742–1786), a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War 298,915 675 sq mi
(1,748 km2)
Grundy County 079 Trenton 1839 Livingston County Felix Grundy (1777–1840), U.S. Congressman and U.S. Senator from Tennessee who also served as the 13th Attorney General of the United States 9,808 436 sq mi
(1,129 km2)
Harrison County 081 Bethany 1843 Daviess County Albert G. Harrison (1800–1839), U.S. Representative from Missouri 8,157 725 sq mi
(1,878 km2)
Henry County 083 Clinton 1834 Lillard (now Lafayette) County Patrick Henry (1736–1799), first post-colonial Governor of Virginia and prominent figure in the American Revolution 21,946 702 sq mi
(1,818 km2)
Hickory County 085 Hermitage 1845 Benton and Polk counties Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), seventh U.S. President, who was nicknamed "Old Hickory" during his military service 8,279 399 sq mi
(1,033 km2)
Holt County 087 Oregon 1841 Part of the Platte Purchase David Rice Holt, Missouri State Representative 4,223 462 sq mi
(1,197 km2)
Howard County 089 Fayette 1816 St. Charles and St. Louis counties Benjamin Howard (1760–1814), a Congressman from Kentucky, governor of Missouri Territory and a brigadier general in the War of 1812 10,151 466 sq mi
(1,207 km2)
Howell County 091 West Plains 1857 Oregon County Disputed – Josiah Howell, pioneering settler 39,750 928 sq mi
(2,404 km2)
Iron County 093 Ironton 1857 Madison, Reynolds, St. Francois, Washington and Wayne counties The abundance of iron ore in the area 9,537 551 sq mi
(1,427 km2)
Jackson County 095 Independence 1826 Lillard (now Lafayette) County Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), U.S. Senator from Tennessee and later President of the United States 717,204 605 sq mi
(1,567 km2)
Jasper County 097 Carthage 1841 Barry County William Jasper (c. 1750–1779), a noted American soldier in the Revolutionary War 122,761 640 sq mi
(1,658 km2)
Jefferson County 099 Hillsboro 1818 St. Louis and Sainte Genevieve counties Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), third President of the United States, principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and one of the most influential Founding Fathers 226,739 657 sq mi
(1,702 km2)
Johnson County 101 Warrensburg 1834 Lillard (now Lafayette) County Richard M. Johnson (1780–1850), ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren 54,013 831 sq mi
(2,152 km2)
Knox County 103 Edina 1843 Scotland County Henry Knox (1750–1806) an American bookseller from Boston who became the chief artillery officer of the Continental Army and later the nation's first Secretary of War 3,744 506 sq mi
(1,311 km2)
Laclede County 105 Lebanon 1849 Camden, Pulaski and Wright counties Pierre Laclede (1729–1778), founder of St. Louis, Missouri 36,039 766 sq mi
(1,984 km2)
Lafayette County 107 Lexington 1821 Cooper County Gilbert du Motier, the Marquis de Lafayette (1757–1834), French military officer and general in the American Revolutionary War 32,984 629 sq mi
(1,629 km2)
Lawrence County 109 Mount Vernon 1843 Barry and Dade counties James Lawrence (1781–1813), an American naval officer best known for his last words "Don't give up the ship!" 38,001 613 sq mi
(1,588 km2)
Lewis County 111 Monticello 1833 Marion County Meriwether Lewis (1774–1809), explorer and governor of the Louisiana Territory 10,032 505 sq mi
(1,308 km2)
Lincoln County 113 Troy 1818 St. Charles County Disputed; either Lincoln County, Kentucky (birthplace of Christopher Clark, a Missouri legislator who advocated for the county's creation),[9] or for Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810), an American revolutionary war general 59,574 630 sq mi
(1,632 km2)
Linn County 115 Linneus 1837 Chariton County Lewis F. Linn (1796–1843), a Jacksonian Democratic U.S. Senator for Missouri 11,874 620 sq mi
(1,606 km2)
Livingston County 117 Chillicothe 1837 Carroll County Edward Livingston (1764–1836), a prominent American jurist and statesman, influential in the drafting of the Louisiana Civil Code of 1825, a civil code based largely on the Napoleonic Code 14,557 535 sq mi
(1,386 km2)
Macon County 121 Macon 1837 Chariton and Randolph counties Nathaniel Macon (1758–1837), member of the United States House of Representatives from 1791 to 1815 who briefly served in the American Revolutionary War 15,209 804 sq mi
(2,082 km2)
Madison County 123 Fredericktown 1818 Cape Girardeau and Sainte Genevieve counties James Madison (1751–1836), politician and political philosopher who served as the fourth President of the United States, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States 12,626 497 sq mi
(1,287 km2)
Maries County 125 Vienna 1855 Osage and Pulaski counties Maries River, possibly a corruption of the French word marais meaning "marsh" or "swamp" 8,432 528 sq mi
(1,368 km2)
Marion County 127 Palmyra 1826 Ralls County Francis Marion (1732–1795), a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War 28,525 438 sq mi
(1,134 km2)
McDonald County 119 Pineville 1847 Newton County Alexander McDonald, American Revolutionary War sergeant 23,303 540 sq mi
(1,399 km2)
Mercer County 129 Princeton 1845 Grundy County John F. Mercer (1759–1821), an American lawyer, planter, and Governor of Maryland 3,538 454 sq mi
(1,176 km2)
Miller County 131 Tuscumbia 1837 Cole and Pulaski counties John Miller (1781–1846), an American publisher and politician from St. Louis, Missouri. He was the fourth Governor of Missouri and represented Missouri in the U.S. House 24,722 592 sq mi
(1,533 km2)
Mississippi County 133 Charleston 1842 Scott County Mississippi River, the second-longest river in the United States which forms Missouri's eastern border 12,577 413 sq mi
(1,070 km2)
Moniteau County 135 California 1845 Cole and Morgan counties Moniteau Creek; "moniteau" is a French spelling of manitou, the Algonquian Great Spirit 15,473 417 sq mi
(1,080 km2)
Monroe County 137 Paris 1831 Ralls County James Monroe (1758–1831), fifth President of the United States who crafted the Missouri Compromise 8,666 646 sq mi
(1,673 km2)
Montgomery County 139 Montgomery City 1818 St. Charles County Richard Montgomery (1738–1775), an Irish-born soldier who first served in the British Army and later became a brigadier-general in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War 11,322 539 sq mi
(1,396 km2)
Morgan County 141 Versailles 1833 Cooper County Daniel Morgan (c. 1736–1802), American pioneer, soldier, and United States Representative from Virginia 21,006 598 sq mi
(1,549 km2)
New Madrid County 143 New Madrid 1812 One of the five original counties Madrid, Spain 16,434 678 sq mi
(1,756 km2)
Newton County 145 Neosho 1838 Barry County John Newton (1755–1780), legendary soldier of the American Revolution 58,648 626 sq mi
(1,621 km2)
Nodaway County 147 Maryville 1843 Andrew County, the Platte Purchase Nodaway River, a 120-mile (190 km) long river in southwest Iowa and northwest Missouri 21,241 877 sq mi
(2,271 km2)
Oregon County 149 Alton 1841 Ripley County Oregon Territory 8,635 792 sq mi
(2,051 km2)
Osage County 151 Linn 1841 Gasconade County Osage River, a 360 miles (580 km) long tributary of the Missouri River in central Missouri; the name of the river is probably derived from a French corruption of "Washazhe" – the name of the Osage Native Americans 13,274 606 sq mi
(1,570 km2)
Ozark County 153 Gainesville 1841 Taney County Ozark Mountains – Ozark is the anglicized form of the French "aux arcs", an abbreviation of "Aux Arkansas", which means in the county of Arkansas 8,553 747 sq mi
(1,935 km2)
Pemiscot County 155 Caruthersville 1851 New Madrid County An American Indian word meaning "liquid mud" 15,661 493 sq mi
(1,277 km2)
Perry County 157 Perryville 1821 Sainte Genevieve County Oliver Hazard Perry (1785–1819), naval officer in the War of 1812 against Britain, earned the title "Hero of Lake Erie" for leading American forces in a decisive naval victory at the Battle of Lake Erie 18,956 475 sq mi
(1,230 km2)
Pettis County 159 Sedalia 1833 Cooper and Saline counties Spencer Darwin Pettis (1802–1831), U.S. Representative from Missouri 42,980 685 sq mi
(1,774 km2)
Phelps County 161 Rolla 1857 Crawford County John S. Phelps (1814–1886), a politician, soldier during the American Civil War, and twenty-third Governor of Missouri 44,638 673 sq mi
(1,743 km2)
Pike County 163 Bowling Green 1818 St. Charles County Zebulon Pike (1778–1813), American soldier and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado is also named 17,587 673 sq mi
(1,743 km2)
Platte County 165 Platte City 1838 Part of the Platte Purchase Platte River, a tributary of the Missouri River, which is in turn named for the French word "platte" meaning flat or shallow 106,718 420 sq mi
(1,088 km2)
Polk County 167 Bolivar 1835 Greene County James K. Polk (1795–1849), 11th President of the United States 31,519 637 sq mi
(1,650 km2)
Pulaski County 169 Waynesville 1833 Crawford County Kazimierz Pulaski (1745–1779), Polish soldier of fortune in the American Revolutionary War, he saved the life of George Washington and became a general in the Continental Army 53,955 547 sq mi
(1,417 km2)
Putnam County 171 Unionville 1843 Adair and Sullivan counties Israel Putnam (1718–1790), an American army general who fought with distinction at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War 4,681 518 sq mi
(1,342 km2)
Ralls County 173 New London 1821 Pike County Daniel Ralls, a Missouri State Representative 10,355 471 sq mi
(1,220 km2)
Randolph County 175 Huntsville 1829 Chariton and Ralls counties John Randolph of Roanoke (1773–1833), a leader in Congress from Virginia and spokesman for the "Old Republican" 24,716 482 sq mi
(1,248 km2)
Ray County 177 Richmond 1820 Howard County John Ray, Missouri State Representative 23,158 570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
Reynolds County 179 Centerville 1845 Shannon County Thomas Reynolds (1796–1844), governor of Missouri from 1840 to 1844 6,096 811 sq mi
(2,100 km2)
Ripley County 181 Doniphan 1831 Wayne County Eleazer Wheelock Ripley (1782–1839), Brigadier General in the War of 1812 10,679 630 sq mi
(1,632 km2)
Saint Charles County 183 Saint Charles 1812 One of the five original counties St. Charles Borromeo (1538–1584), an Italian saint and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church 405,262 561 sq mi
(1,453 km2)
Saint Clair County 185 Osceola 1841 Rives (now Henry) County Arthur St. Clair (1737–1818), an American soldier and Governor of the Northwest Territory 9,284 677 sq mi
(1,753 km2)
Saint Francois County 187 Farmington 1821 Jefferson, Ste. Genevieve and Washington counties St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182–1226), a Catholic deacon and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans 66,922 450 sq mi
(1,165 km2)
Saint Louis County 189 Clayton 1812 One of the five original counties King Louis IX (1214–1270), King of France from 1226 until his death 1,004,125 508 sq mi
(1,316 km2)
Saint Louis City 510 St. Louis 1876 Created in 1876 when city residents voted to secede from St. Louis County King Louis IX (1214–1270), King of France from 1226 until his death 301,578 61.9 sq mi
(160 km2)
Sainte Genevieve County 186 Ste. Genevieve 1812 One of the five original counties St. Genevieve (c. 420 – c. 510), the patron saint of Paris in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox tradition 18,479 502 sq mi
(1,300 km2)
Saline County 195 Marshall 1820 Cooper County Local hot springs 23,333 756 sq mi
(1,958 km2)
Schuyler County 197 Lancaster 1843 Adair County Philip Schuyler (1733–1804), a general in the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York 4,032 308 sq mi
(798 km2)
Scotland County 199 Memphis 1841 Clark, Lewis, and Shelby counties Scotland (country) 4,716 438 sq mi
(1,134 km2)
Scott County 201 Benton 1822 New Madrid County John Guier Scott (1819–1892), a U.S. Representative from Missouri 38,059 421 sq mi
(1,090 km2)
Shannon County 203 Eminence 1837 Ripley County George Shannon (1785–1836), member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 7,031 1,004 sq mi
(2,600 km2)
Shelby County 205 Shelbyville 1835 Marion County Isaac Shelby (1750–1826), the first and fifth Governor of Kentucky 6,103 501 sq mi
(1,298 km2)
Stoddard County 207 Bloomfield 1835 New Madrid County Amos Stoddard (1762–1813), the only commandant of Upper Louisiana for the French Republic and the only commandant for the District of Louisiana for the United States in 1804 during the handover of the Louisiana Purchase 28,672 827 sq mi
(2,142 km2)
Stone County 209 Galena 1851 Taney County William Stone, first elected judge of Taney County 31,076 463 sq mi
(1,199 km2)
Sullivan County 211 Milan 1843 Linn County John Sullivan (1740–1795), American Revolutionary War general 5,999 651 sq mi
(1,686 km2)
Taney County 213 Forsyth 1837 Greene County Roger Brooke Taney (1777–1864), eleventh United States Attorney General and fifth Chief Justice of the United States 56,066 632 sq mi
(1,637 km2)
Texas County 215 Houston 1843 Shannon and Wright counties Republic of Texas 24,487 1,179 sq mi
(3,054 km2)
Vernon County 217 Nevada 1851 Bates County Miles Vernon, Missouri State Senator – the county was originally defined as having the same boundaries as Bates county, but was later declared unconstitutional and changed 19,707 834 sq mi
(2,160 km2)
Warren County 219 Warrenton 1833 Montgomery County Joseph Warren (1741–1775), Revolutionary War doctor and general 35,532 432 sq mi
(1,119 km2)
Washington County 221 Potosi 1813 Sainte Genevieve County George Washington (1732–1799), commander of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and first President of the United States 23,514 760 sq mi
(1,968 km2)
Wayne County 223 Greenville 1818 Cape Girardeau and Lawrence counties Anthony Wayne (1745–1796), United States Army general and statesman 10,974 761 sq mi
(1,971 km2)
Webster County 225 Marshfield 1855 Greene County Daniel Webster (1782–1852), U.S. Secretary of State and Senator from Massachusetts 39,085 593 sq mi
(1,536 km2)
Worth County 227 Grant City 1861 Gentry County William J. Worth (1794–1849), a United States general during the Mexican–American War 1,973 266 sq mi
(689 km2)
Wright County 229 Hartville 1841 Pulaski County Silas Wright (1795–1847), an American Democratic politician and Governor of New York 18,188 682 sq mi
(1,766 km2)

Former county names change

County[5] Meaning of name[5][7] Changed to[5]
Allen County
Atchison County in 1845
Ashley County William Henry Ashley (1778–1838), early settler Texas County in 1845 upon organization
Decatur County Stephen Decatur (1779–1820), American naval officer[10] Ozark County in 1845
Highland County
Sullivan County in 1845 upon organization
Kinderhook County Kinderhook, New York, birthplace of Martin Van Buren Camden County in 1843
Lillard County James Lillard of Tennessee, who served in the first state legislature of Missouri Lafayette County in 1825
Niangua County Niangua River, a tributary of the Osage River – "niangua" comes from the Native American word nehemgar, which means "a river of numerous springs or sources"[11] Dallas County in 1844 because of the difficulty in pronouncing and spelling Niangua
Seneca County Seneca Nation, a group of Native Americans from New York McDonald County in 1847 upon organization
Van Buren County Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), eighth President of the United States and also Vice President under Andrew Jackson Cass County in 1849 in honor of Van Buren's opponent in the presidential election of 1848

References change

  1. "Counties -". Missouri State Government Web. Archived from the original on September 5, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  2. "About St. Louis: Government". City of St. Louis. Retrieved October 12, 2009.
  3. Cite error: The named reference epa was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 National Association of Counties. "NACo County Explorer". Retrieved 10 January 2024.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 "What are the Origins of Missouri Counties?". Missouri State Government Web. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
  6. Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States. McFarland Press. ISBN 0-7864-1025-6.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Coulet du Gard, René; Coulet Western, Dominique (1981). The Handbook of American Counties, Parishes and Independent Cities. Editions des Deux Mondes. ISBN 0-939586-00-2.
  8. "QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 15, 2023.
  9. Howard Louis Conard (1901). Encyclopedia of the history of Missouri. New York, Louisville [etc.] The Southern history company, Haldeman, Conard & co., proprietors. p. 68.
  10. Stevens, Walter B. (1921). Centennial history of Missouri (The Center State) One Hundred Years in the Union 1820-1921. Chicago: Clarke Pub. Co. p. 72.
  11. Stevens, Walter B. (1921). Centennial history of Missouri (The Center State) One Hundred Years in the Union 1820-1921. Chicago: Clarke Pub. Co. p. 73.